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Open AccessArticle

Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer of FMWCNT/Water Nanofluids over a Flat Plate

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY 13699-5725, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad 9187147578, Iran
School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bekir S. Yilbas
Fluids 2016, 1(4), 31;
Received: 16 March 2016 / Revised: 9 September 2016 / Accepted: 15 September 2016 / Published: 26 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fundamental Studies in Flow and Heat Transfer in Nanofluids)
In the present study, the heat transfer and flow of water/FMWCNT (functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube) nanofluids over a flat plate was investigated using a finite volume method. Simulations were performed for velocity ranging from 0.17 mm/s to 1.7 mm/s under laminar regime and nanotube concentrations up to 0.2%. The 2-D governing equations were solved using an in-house FORTRAN code. For a specific free stream velocity, the presented results showed that increasing the weight percentage of nanotubes increased the Nusselt number. However, an increase in the solid weight percentage had a negligible effect on the wall shear stress. The results also indicated that increasing the free stream velocity for all cases leads to thinner boundary layer thickness, while increasing the FMWCNT concentration causes an increase in the boundary layer thickness. View Full-Text
Keywords: water/FMWCNT nanofluid; flat plate; boundary layer flow water/FMWCNT nanofluid; flat plate; boundary layer flow
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Safaei, M.R.; Ahmadi, G.; Goodarzi, M.S.; Kamyar, A.; Kazi, S.N. Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer of FMWCNT/Water Nanofluids over a Flat Plate. Fluids 2016, 1, 31.

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