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J. Fungi 2018, 4(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof4010035

Burden of Severe Fungal Infections in Burkina Faso

1
Service de Parasitologie—Mycologie, CHUSS, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
2
Service de Parasitologie—Mycologie, CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
3
National Aspergillus Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital and The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
4
Leading International Fungal Education (LIFE), Cheshire SK10 9AR, UK
5
Service de Parasitologie—Mycologie, Hôpital St Antoine, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 75012 Paris, France
6
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, Centre de Recherche Saint-Antoine (CRSA), 75012 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 11 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Burden in Different Countries)
Full-Text   |   PDF [237 KB, uploaded 11 March 2018]

Abstract

Because of the limited access to more powerful diagnostic tools, there is a paucity of data regarding the burden of fungal infections in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal infections in this sub-Saharan country. We primarily used the national demographic data and performed a PubMed search to retrieve all published papers on fungal infections from Burkina Faso and its surrounding West African countries. Considering the prevalence of HIV infection (0.8% of the population) and a 3.4% incidence of cryptococcosis in hospitals, it is estimated that 459 patients per year develop cryptococcosis. For pneumocystosis, it is suggested that 1013 new cases occur every year. Taking into account the local TB frequency (population prevalence at 0.052%), we estimate the prevalence of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis at 1120 cases. Severe forms of asthma with fungal sensitization and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis are estimated to affect 7429 and 5628 cases, respectively. Vulvovaginal candidiasis may affect 179,000 women, and almost 1,000,000 children may suffer from tinea capitis. Globally, we estimate that roughly 1.4 million people in Burkina Faso (7.51% of the population) suffer from a serious fungal infection. These data should be used to drive future epidemiological studies, diagnostic approaches, and therapeutic strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Burkina Faso; aspergillosis; cryptococcosis; candidiasis; tuberculosis; AIDS Burkina Faso; aspergillosis; cryptococcosis; candidiasis; tuberculosis; AIDS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bamba, S.; Zida, A.; Sangaré, I.; Cissé, M.; Denning, D.W.; Hennequin, C. Burden of Severe Fungal Infections in Burkina Faso. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 35.

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