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Veterinary Diagnostic Approach of Common Virus Diseases in Adult Honeybees

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Centre for Applied Training and Learning, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 19, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
2
Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 43, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
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LABOKLIN GmbH & CO.KG, Labor für klinische Diagnostik, Steubenstraße 4, 97688 Bad Kissingen, Germany
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Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald, Insel Riems, Germany
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VETIDATA, Institute of Pharmacology, Pharmacy and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Leipzig University, An den Tierkliniken 39, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2020, 7(4), 159; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7040159
Received: 20 September 2020 / Revised: 18 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honey Bee Health)
Veterinarians are educated in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases in various vertebrate species. As they are familiar with multifactorial health problems in single animals as well as in herd health management, their knowledge and skills can be beneficial for the beekeepers and honeybee health. However, in education and in practice, honeybees are not a common species for most veterinarians and the typical veterinary diagnostic methods such as blood sampling or auscultation are not applicable to the superorganism honeybee. Honeybee colonies may be affected by various biotic and abiotic factors. Among the infectious agents, RNA-viruses build the largest group, causing covert and overt infections in honeybee colonies which may lead to colony losses. Veterinarians could and should play a more substantial role in managing honeybee health—not limited to cases of notifiable diseases and official hygiene controls. This review discusses the veterinary diagnostic approach to adult bee examination with a special focus on diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the common virus diseases Acute Bee Paralysis Virus (ABPV)-Kashmir Bee Virus (KBV)-Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus (IAPV)-Complex, Chronic Bee Paralysis Virus (CBPV) and Deformed Wing Virus (DWV), as well as coinfections like Varroa spp. and Nosema spp. View Full-Text
Keywords: honeybee veterinary medicine; acute bee paralysis; chronic bee paralysis; deformed wing virus; varroa infestation; nosemosis honeybee veterinary medicine; acute bee paralysis; chronic bee paralysis; deformed wing virus; varroa infestation; nosemosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dittes, J.; Aupperle-Lellbach, H.; Schäfer, M.O.; Mülling, C.K.W.; Emmerich, I.U. Veterinary Diagnostic Approach of Common Virus Diseases in Adult Honeybees. Vet. Sci. 2020, 7, 159. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7040159

AMA Style

Dittes J, Aupperle-Lellbach H, Schäfer MO, Mülling CKW, Emmerich IU. Veterinary Diagnostic Approach of Common Virus Diseases in Adult Honeybees. Veterinary Sciences. 2020; 7(4):159. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7040159

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dittes, Julia, Heike Aupperle-Lellbach, Marc O. Schäfer, Christoph K.W. Mülling, and Ilka U. Emmerich 2020. "Veterinary Diagnostic Approach of Common Virus Diseases in Adult Honeybees" Veterinary Sciences 7, no. 4: 159. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7040159

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