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Investigation of Melioidosis Outbreak in Pig Farms in Southern Thailand

1
Center of Excellence in Research for Melioidosis, Department of Medical Technology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80161, Thailand
2
Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, and the Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
3
Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai 90110, Thailand
4
Faculty of Medical Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai 90110, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2020, 7(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci7010009
Received: 2 December 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 14 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Microbiology and Immunology)
Melioidosis, caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is a potentially life-threatening infection that can affect humans and a wide variety of animals in the tropics. In December 2017, a swine melioidosis case was discovered during a meat inspection at a privately-owned slaughterhouse in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province in southern Thailand. The infection, which continued for several months, caused a dispute about where the disease began. An environmental investigation into two farms—both involved in raising the first infected pig—ensued. Through genetic analysis, the investigation revealed that a contaminated water supply at one farm was the probable source of infection. The three local sequence types identified in the investigation were types 51, 298 and 392. View Full-Text
Keywords: swine melioidosis; Burkholderia pseudomallei; Thailand; pig; abattoir swine melioidosis; Burkholderia pseudomallei; Thailand; pig; abattoir
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Kwanhian, W.; Jiranantasak, T.; Kessler, A.T.; Tolchinsky, B.E.; Parker, S.; Songsri, J.; Wisessombat, S.; Pukanha, K.; Testamenti, V.A.; Khrongsee, P.; Sretrirutchai, S.; Kaewrakmuk, J.; Tangpong, J.; Tuanyok, A. Investigation of Melioidosis Outbreak in Pig Farms in Southern Thailand. Vet. Sci. 2020, 7, 9.

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