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Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale: An Update Review about An Emerging Poultry Pathogen

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências e Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói 24210-130, Brazil
Centro Estadual de Pesquisa em Sanidade Animal—CEPGM, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Niterói 24120-191, Brazil
Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia (MIP), Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói 24210-130, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2020, 7(1), 3;
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 5 December 2019 / Accepted: 9 December 2019 / Published: 27 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Microbiology and Immunology)
Respiratory diseases in birds generate sanitary and economic impacts and may be related to the environment and climate. Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT), Pasteurella multocida, Avibacterium paragallinarum, Escherichia coli, Riemerella anatipestifer, and Bordetella avium are among the most important avian respiratory pathogens. ORT is responsible for causing ornitobacteriosis, a disease characterized by clinical signs ranging from mild to severe respiratory conditions, with high mortality rates, mainly affecting turkeys and chickens. The first report of ornitobacteriosis was in 1981 in Germany. Despite its importance, few studies on ORT have been published. In addition, the presence of this pathogen has been neglected in poultry farms, mainly due to the lack of appropriate diagnostic protocols. The lack of correct isolation and diagnostic protocols along with inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents have been contributing to treatment failure. Due to its economic importance to the poultry industry, ornitobacteriosis should be monitored and included in national programs for the prevention and control of avian respiratory diseases. This review aimed to update and discuss important issues related to ORT since this pathogen has great economic and sanitary implications for the chicken production chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory disease; poultry health; ornitobacteriosis; ORT respiratory disease; poultry health; ornitobacteriosis; ORT
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barbosa, E.V.; Cardoso, C.V.; Silva, R.C.F.; Cerqueira, A.M.F.; Liberal, M.H.T.; Castro, H.C. Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale: An Update Review about An Emerging Poultry Pathogen. Vet. Sci. 2020, 7, 3.

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