Next Article in Journal
Seroprevalences of Newly Discovered Porcine Pestiviruses in German Pig Farms
Next Article in Special Issue
Characterization of Ethanol Extracted Cell Wall Components of Mycobacterium avium Subsp. paratuberculosis
Previous Article in Journal
Correction: Alvarez, I., et al. Detection of Bovine Leukemia Virus RNA in Blood Samples of Naturally Infected Dairy Cattle. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 66
Previous Article in Special Issue
Genetically Related Mycobacterium bovis Strains Displayed Differential Intracellular Growth in Bovine Macrophages
Open AccessArticle

Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) May Not Be Reservoir Hosts for Mycobacterium bovis in Fiji Despite High Population Density and Direct Contact with Cattle

School of Veterinary Science and Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, Farm Animal Health, University of Sydney, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia
Koronivia Research Station, P.O. Box 77 Koronivia, Western Division, Fiji
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(4), 85;
Received: 28 September 2019 / Revised: 20 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 24 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycobacterial Diseases in Animals)
The presence of a wildlife reservoir for Mycobacterium bovis complicates the eradication of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) from domestic cattle populations. For the BTB eradication program in Fiji, there is concern about the small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus), which is overabundant and in direct contact with cattle. Consequently, a survey of mongooses trapped on three BTB affected dairy farms led to necropsy of 85 mongooses during January–February 2017. Thirty (35%) mongooses had gross pathological changes including possible granulomas detected at necropsy, and tissues from these animals were taken for histopathological examination. Granulomatous lesions were present in 53% of animals examined histopathologically but acid-fast bacilli were not observed and the majority of lesions in lung and kidney were associated with the nematodes Pulmostrongylus herpestis and Capillaria sp., respectively. Nevertheless, assuming test sensitivity of 35% for the current study, from this sample of 85 mongooses it can be concluded with 95% confidence that if present in the mongoose population susceptible to trapping, M. bovis prevalence was ≤10%. The prevalence of intercurrent lesions raised concerns about gross pathology as a screening test for M. bovis infection in mongooses in Fiji, and therefore pathogen detection methods such as bacterial culture and direct tissue PCR are recommended for future surveys. These are needed to completely rule out the mongoose as a reservoir host for M. bovis in Fiji. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fiji; mongoose; reservoir host; Mycobacterium bovis; surveillance Fiji; mongoose; reservoir host; Mycobacterium bovis; surveillance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hayton, P.J.; Whittington, R.J.; Wakelin, C.; Colville, P.; Reid, A.; Borja, L.; Toribio, J.-A. Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) May Not Be Reservoir Hosts for Mycobacterium bovis in Fiji Despite High Population Density and Direct Contact with Cattle. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 85.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop