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Vet. Sci. 2017, 4(4), 59;

The Role of Thiamine and Effects of Deficiency in Dogs and Cats

Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd. E., Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 15 November 2017 / Accepted: 17 November 2017 / Published: 24 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Disorders in Companion Animals)
Full-Text   |   PDF [264 KB, uploaded 15 December 2017]


Recent pet food recalls for insufficient dietary thiamine have highlighted the importance of adequate thiamine intake in dogs and cats, as thiamine is an essential dietary nutrient with a critical role in energy metabolism. Prolonged thiamine deficiency leads to clinical signs that can span several organ systems, and deficiency can be fatal if not reversed. In this review, the current knowledge of thiamine metabolism will be summarized. Dietary recommendations for dogs and cats will be discussed, and the risk factors and clinical signs associated with thiamine deficiency will be examined. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin B1; water-soluble vitamins; dog food; cat food; nutrient imbalance vitamin B1; water-soluble vitamins; dog food; cat food; nutrient imbalance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kritikos, G.; Parr, J.M.; Verbrugghe, A. The Role of Thiamine and Effects of Deficiency in Dogs and Cats. Vet. Sci. 2017, 4, 59.

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