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Mapping Heart Development in Flies: Src42A Acts Non-Autonomously to Promote Heart Tube Formation in Drosophila

1
Department of Biology, Taylor University, 236 West Reade Ave., Upland, IN 46989, USA
2
Department of Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sonja Fonfara and Lynne O’Sullivan
Vet. Sci. 2017, 4(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci4020023
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 27 November 2016 / Accepted: 7 December 2016 / Published: 24 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Comparison of Cardiovascular Systems and Diseases Across Species)
Congenital heart defects, clinically identified in both small and large animals, are multifactorial and complex. Although heritable factors are known to have a role in cardiovascular disease, the full genetic aetiology remains unclear. Model organism research has proven valuable in providing a deeper understanding of the essential factors in heart development. For example, mouse knock-out studies reveal a role for the Integrin adhesion receptor in cardiac tissue. Recent research in Drosophila melanogaster (the fruit fly), a powerful experimental model, has demonstrated that the link between the extracellular matrix and the cell, mediated by Integrins, is required for multiple aspects of cardiogenesis. Here we test the hypothesis that Integrins signal to the heart cells through Src42A kinase. Using the powerful genetics and cell biology analysis possible in Drosophila, we demonstrate that Src42A acts in early events of heart tube development. Careful examination of mutant heart tissue and genetic interaction data suggests that Src42A’s role is independent of Integrin and the Integrin-related Focal Adhesion Kinase. Rather, Src42A acts non-autonomously by promoting programmed cell death of the amnioserosa, a transient tissue that neighbors the developing heart. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart; Drosophila; model organism; Integrin; Src42A; FAK; genetics; amnioserosa heart; Drosophila; model organism; Integrin; Src42A; FAK; genetics; amnioserosa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vanderploeg, J.; Jacobs, J.R. Mapping Heart Development in Flies: Src42A Acts Non-Autonomously to Promote Heart Tube Formation in Drosophila. Vet. Sci. 2017, 4, 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci4020023

AMA Style

Vanderploeg J, Jacobs JR. Mapping Heart Development in Flies: Src42A Acts Non-Autonomously to Promote Heart Tube Formation in Drosophila. Veterinary Sciences. 2017; 4(2):23. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci4020023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vanderploeg, Jessica; Jacobs, J. R. 2017. "Mapping Heart Development in Flies: Src42A Acts Non-Autonomously to Promote Heart Tube Formation in Drosophila" Vet. Sci. 4, no. 2: 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci4020023

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