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Open AccessArticle

Trend Analysis on Adoption of Virtual and Augmented Reality in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Industry

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Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Department of Engineering Systems and Environment, Link Lab, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
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Department of Civil Engineering and Construction Management, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 December 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 13 March 2020
With advances in Building Information Modeling (BIM), Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) technologies have many potential applications in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. However, the AEC industry, relative to other industries, has been slow in adopting AR/VR technologies, partly due to lack of feasibility studies examining the actual cost of implementation versus an increase in profit. The main objectives of this paper are to understand the industry trends in adopting AR/VR technologies and identifying gaps within the industry. The identified gaps can lead to opportunities for developing new tools and finding new use cases. To achieve these goals, two rounds of a survey at two different time periods (a year apart) were conducted. Responses from 158 industry experts and researchers were analyzed to assess the current state, growth, and saving opportunities for AR/VR technologies for the AEC industry. The findings demonstrate that older generations are significantly more confident about the future of AR/VR technologies and they see more benefits in AR/VR utilization. Furthermore, the research results indicate that Residential and commercial sectors have adopted these tools the most, compared to other sectors and institutional and transportation sectors had the highest growth from 2017 to 2018. Industry experts anticipated a solid growth in the use of AR/VR technologies in 5 to 10 years, with the highest expectations towards healthcare. Ultimately, the findings show a significant increase in AR/VR utilization in the AEC industry from 2017 to 2018. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality; augmented reality; building information modeling; industry trend; virtual environment virtual reality; augmented reality; building information modeling; industry trend; virtual environment
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Noghabaei, M.; Heydarian, A.; Balali, V.; Han, K. Trend Analysis on Adoption of Virtual and Augmented Reality in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Industry. Data 2020, 5, 26.

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