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Data on Orientation to Happiness in Higher Education Institutions from Mexico and El Salvador

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Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora, Guaymas 85400, Mexico
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Universidad Tecnológica de El Salvador, San Salvador 1770, El Salvador
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 February 2020 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
Happiness-oriented people are vital in every society; this is a construct formed by three different types of happiness: pleasure, meaning, and engagement, and it is considered as an indicator of mental health. This study aims to provide data on the levels of orientation to happiness in higher-education teachers and students. The present paper contains data about the perception of this positive aspect in two Latin American countries, Mexico and El Salvador. Structure instruments to measure the orientation to happiness were administrated to 397 teachers and 260 students. This data descriptor presents descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation), internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha), and differences (Student’s t-test) presented by country, population (teacher/student), and gender of their orientation to happiness and its three dimensions: meaning, pleasure, and engagement. Stepwise-multiple-regression-analysis results are also presented. Results indicated that participants from both countries reported medium–high levels of meaning and engagement happiness; teachers reported higher levels than those of students in these two dimensions. Happiness resulting from pleasure activities was the least reported in general. Males and females presented very similar levels of orientation to happiness. Only the population (teacher/student) showed a predictive relationship with orientation to happiness; however, the model explained a small portion of variance in this variable, which indicated that other factors are more critical when promoting orientation to happiness in higher-education institutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: university; happiness; pleasure; meaning; engagement university; happiness; pleasure; meaning; engagement
MDPI and ACS Style

Villavicencio-Aguilar, D.; Chacón-Andrade, E.R.; Durón-Ramos, M.F. Data on Orientation to Happiness in Higher Education Institutions from Mexico and El Salvador. Data 2020, 5, 27.

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