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Beverages 2018, 4(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4020046

Known and Emerging Mycotoxins in Small- and Large-Scale Brewed Beer

Department of Animal Science, Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, UCSC, Via Emilia Parmense, 84, 29122 Piacenza, Italy
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Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 14 June 2018 / Published: 20 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins in Beverages)
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Abstract

The occurrence of ochratoxin A (OTA), deoxynivalenol (DON), sterigmatocystin (STC), and citrinin (CIT) was evaluated in samples of small- (SS) and large-scale (LS) brewed beer. The analyses were conducted using HPLC-FLD for OTA, GC-MS for DON, and LC-MS/MS for STC and CIT. During 2017, a total of 83 samples of SS and LS brewed beer (42 and 41, respectively) were sampled; for both types of beer, the most sold beers in Italy were collected. CIT was never detected in any sample, whereas OTA, DON, and STC prevalence was 45.8%, 25.3%, and 27.7%, respectively. The mean and maximum values for OTA, DON, and STC were 0.007 and 0.070; 8.6 and 99; 0.001 and 0.018 µg/kg, respectively. No significant difference was observed between the SS and LS beers. The results of this survey showed a low contamination; the levels found should not represent a serious risk for consumers’ health. View Full-Text
Keywords: ochratoxin A; deoxynivalenol; sterigmatocystin; citrinin ochratoxin A; deoxynivalenol; sterigmatocystin; citrinin
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Bertuzzi, T.; Rastelli, S.; Mulazzi, A.; Donadini, G.; Pietri, A. Known and Emerging Mycotoxins in Small- and Large-Scale Brewed Beer. Beverages 2018, 4, 46.

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