Microbial Glycosidases for Wine Production
AbstractWinemaking is a complex process involving the interaction of different microbes. The two main groups of microorganisms involved are yeasts and bacteria. The yeasts present in spontaneous fermentation may be divided into two groups: the Saccharomyces yeasts, particularly S. cerevisiae; and the non-Saccharomyces yeasts, which include members of the genera Rhodotorula, Pichia, Candida, Debaryomyces, Metschtnikowia, Hansenula, and Hanseniaspora. S. cerevisiae yeasts are able to convert sugar into ethanol and CO2 via fermentation. They have been used by humans for thousands of years for the production of fermented beverages and foods, including wine. Their enzymes provide interesting organoleptic characteristics in wine. Glycosidases with oenological implications have been widely reported in yeasts, bacteria, and fungi. β-Glucosidase activity is involved in the release of terpenes to wine, thus contributing to varietal aroma. α-Rhamnosidase, α-arabinosidase, or β-apiosidase activities have also been reported to contribute to the wine production process. Oenococcus oeni (a lactic acid bacteria present in wine) also has numerous glycosidases, and their activities contribute to the liberation of several aromatic compounds which contribute to floral and fruity wine characteristics. View Full-Text
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Maicas, S.; Mateo, J.J. Microbial Glycosidases for Wine Production. Beverages 2016, 2, 20.
Maicas S, Mateo JJ. Microbial Glycosidases for Wine Production. Beverages. 2016; 2(3):20.Chicago/Turabian Style
Maicas, Sergi; Mateo, José J. 2016. "Microbial Glycosidases for Wine Production." Beverages 2, no. 3: 20.
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