Next Article in Journal
Coupled Stress-Dependent Groundwater Flow-Deformation Model to Predict Land Subsidence in Basins with Highly Compressible Deposits
Previous Article in Journal
Projecting Wet Season Rainfall Extremes Using Regional Climate Models Ensemble and the Advanced Delta Change Model: Impact on the Streamflow Peaks in Mkurumudzi Catchment, Kenya
Open AccessArticle

Hydrological hazard estimation for the municipality of Yautepec de Zaragoza, Morelos, Mexico

1
CONACYT – Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito de la Investigación Científica, Ciudad Universitaria 04510, Mexico
2
Departamento de Sismología, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito de la Investigación Científica, Ciudad Universitaria 04510, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Hydrology 2019, 6(3), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology6030077
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 23 August 2019 / Published: 27 August 2019
The hydrological hazard for the municipality of Yautepec de Zaragoza, State of Morelos, Mexico, is evaluated considering the overflow process of the rivers located in the Yautepec sub-basin. Different scenarios of hydrological hazard were generated to identify those areas with high flood potential using hydraulic modeling for three return periods (Rp) of 50, 100 and 500 years based on statistical analysis of the maximum annual discharge of the Yautepec hydrometric station. We used the Hec-Ras software and geographic information systems (GIS) to model the different flood scenarios. Our results indicate that 10% (1.5 km2) of the total urban area of the municipality will be flooded for a return period of 50 years. About 12% (1.8 km2) of the territory will be affected by flood for a Rp of 100 years. For a Rp of 500 years, approximately 13.5% (2.1 km2) of the municipality’s area will be flooded. Spatially, the central and southern regions of the municipality will be affected by flood heights greater than 1 m for Rp of 100 and 500 years. The northern zone will have heights of less than 0.50 m for Rp of 50 years. Our results can be used as a tool to prevent and reduce the impact of future floods in the municipality of Yautepec de Zaragoza. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hydrological hazard; flood; hydraulic modeling; return periods; overflow; Yautepec de Zaragoza; Mexico Hydrological hazard; flood; hydraulic modeling; return periods; overflow; Yautepec de Zaragoza; Mexico
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zúñiga, E.; Novelo-Casanova, D.A. Hydrological hazard estimation for the municipality of Yautepec de Zaragoza, Morelos, Mexico. Hydrology 2019, 6, 77.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop