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Article

Influence of Electronic Cigarettes on Antioxidant Capacity and Nucleotide Metabolites in Saliva

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Department of Periodontology and Oral Mucosa Diseases, Medical University of Gdansk, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Biochemistry, Medical University of Gdansk, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Gdansk, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Biostatistics and Neural Networks, Medical University of Gdansk, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Irfan Rahman
Toxics 2021, 9(10), 263; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics9100263
Received: 23 September 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advantages and Disadvantages of Electronic Cigarettes)
The balance between reactive oxygen species production and the activity of antioxidant systems present in saliva is an important element in maintaining oral environment homeostasis. E-cigarettes adversely affect the oral cavity and their cytotoxic effect is related to oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of using electronic cigarettes on antioxidant capacity of saliva. The study involved 110 subjects (35 e-cigarettes users, 33 traditional cigarettes smokers and 42 non-smokers). Laboratory analysis involved quantitation of uric acid, hypoxanthine, xanthine, TAOS (total antioxidant status) and TEAC (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity) in saliva. Lower values for TAOS and TEAC were observed among e-cigarettes users and traditional cigarettes smokers in comparison to non-smokers. Uric acid concentration tended to be higher among e-cigarettes users while no differences in hypoxanthine and xanthine saliva concentrations were observed. Electronic cigarettes usage affects antioxidant capacity of saliva to the same extent as traditional cigarettes, when comparing smokers to non-smokers. Further longitudinal studies on a larger study group are needed to assess the effect of changes in antioxidant status on oral health. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-cigarettes; antioxidant capacity; saliva; uric acid e-cigarettes; antioxidant capacity; saliva; uric acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cichońska, D.; Król, O.; Słomińska, E.M.; Kochańska, B.; Świetlik, D.; Ochocińska, J.; Kusiak, A. Influence of Electronic Cigarettes on Antioxidant Capacity and Nucleotide Metabolites in Saliva. Toxics 2021, 9, 263. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics9100263

AMA Style

Cichońska D, Król O, Słomińska EM, Kochańska B, Świetlik D, Ochocińska J, Kusiak A. Influence of Electronic Cigarettes on Antioxidant Capacity and Nucleotide Metabolites in Saliva. Toxics. 2021; 9(10):263. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics9100263

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cichońska, Dominika, Oliwia Król, Ewa M. Słomińska, Barbara Kochańska, Dariusz Świetlik, Jolanta Ochocińska, and Aida Kusiak. 2021. "Influence of Electronic Cigarettes on Antioxidant Capacity and Nucleotide Metabolites in Saliva" Toxics 9, no. 10: 263. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics9100263

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