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Article

Zebrafish Embryonic Exposure to BPAP and Its Relatively Weak Thyroid Hormone-Disrupting Effects

1
Biosystem Research Group, Korea Institute of Toxicology, Daejeon 34114, Korea
2
Human and Environmental Toxicology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34113, Korea
3
Department of Predictive Toxicology, Korea Institute of Toxicology, Daejeon 34114, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxics 2020, 8(4), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8040103
Received: 13 October 2020 / Revised: 9 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fish Models for Human Toxicology)
Safe endocrine-disrupting alternatives for bisphenol A (BPA) are needed because its adverse health effects have become a public concern. Some bisphenol analogues (bisphenol F and S) have been applied, but their endocrine-disrupting potential is either not negligible or weaker than that of BPA. However, the endocrine-disrupting potential of bisphenol AP (BPAP), another BPA alternative, has not yet been fully assessed. Hence, we evaluated the thyroid hormone (TH)-disrupting potency of BPAP because THs are essential endocrine hormones. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to BPAP (0, 18.2, 43.4, or 105.9 μg/L) for 120 h, and TH levels, the transcription of 16 TH-related genes, the transcriptome, development, and behavior were evaluated. In our study, a decrease in T4 level was observed only at the maximum nonlethal concentration, but significant changes in the T3 and TSHβ levels were not detected. BPAP did not cause significant changes in transcription and gene ontology enrichment related to the TH system. Developmental and behavioral changes were not observed. Despite T4 level reduction, other markers were not significantly affected by BPAP. These might indicate that BPAP has weak or negligible potency regarding TH disruption as a BPA alternative. This study might provide novel information on the TH-disrupting potential of BPAP. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative chemical; BPA; endocrine disruption; thyroid hormone; zebrafish alternative chemical; BPA; endocrine disruption; thyroid hormone; zebrafish
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.; Eghan, K.; Lee, J.; Yoo, D.; Yoon, S.; Kim, W.-K. Zebrafish Embryonic Exposure to BPAP and Its Relatively Weak Thyroid Hormone-Disrupting Effects. Toxics 2020, 8, 103. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8040103

AMA Style

Lee S, Eghan K, Lee J, Yoo D, Yoon S, Kim W-K. Zebrafish Embryonic Exposure to BPAP and Its Relatively Weak Thyroid Hormone-Disrupting Effects. Toxics. 2020; 8(4):103. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8040103

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Sangwoo, Kojo Eghan, Jieon Lee, Donggon Yoo, Seokjoo Yoon, and Woo-Keun Kim. 2020. "Zebrafish Embryonic Exposure to BPAP and Its Relatively Weak Thyroid Hormone-Disrupting Effects" Toxics 8, no. 4: 103. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8040103

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