Next Article in Journal
Remediation of Cr(VI)-Contaminated Soil by Nano-Zero-Valent Iron in Combination with Biochar or Humic Acid and the Consequences for Plant Performance
Next Article in Special Issue
E-Cigarette Liquid Provokes Significant Embryotoxicity and Inhibits Angiogenesis
Previous Article in Journal
In Vitro Evaluation of the Effects of Cadmium on Endocytic Uptakes of Proteins into Cultured Proximal Tubule Epithelial Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Exposure to Tobacco Cigarette, Electronic Cigarette and Heated Tobacco Product on Adipocyte Survival and Differentiation In Vitro
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Chemical Constituents Involved in E-Cigarette, or Vaping Product Use-Associated Lung Injury (EVALI)

1
Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Box 850, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
2
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, The College of Brockport, State University of New York, Brockport, NY 14420, USA
3
Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, University of Rochester Medical Center, School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
4
New York State Department of Health, Center for Environmental Health, Albany, NY 12237, USA
5
Department of Materials Design and Innovation, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxics 2020, 8(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics8020025
Received: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 30 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Knowledge of E-cigarettes and Heated Tobacco Products)
The Centers for Disease Control declared e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) a national outbreak due to the high incidence of emergency department admissions and deaths. We have identified chemical constituents in e-cig counterfeit cartridges and compared these to medical-grade and CBD containing cartridges. Apart from vitamin E acetate (VEA) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), other potential toxicants were identified including solvent-derived hydrocarbons, silicon conjugated compounds, various terpenes, pesticides/plasticizers/polycaprolactones, and metals. This study provides additional insights into the chemicals associated with EVALI cartridges and thus may contribute to the underlying disease mechanism of acute lung injury. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vaping; EVALI; VAPI; e-cigarette; THC; cannabis; lipoid-pneumonia Vaping; EVALI; VAPI; e-cigarette; THC; cannabis; lipoid-pneumonia
MDPI and ACS Style

Muthumalage, T.; Friedman, M.R.; McGraw, M.D.; Ginsberg, G.; Friedman, A.E.; Rahman, I. Chemical Constituents Involved in E-Cigarette, or Vaping Product Use-Associated Lung Injury (EVALI). Toxics 2020, 8, 25.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop