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Toxics 2018, 6(3), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxics6030050

Perfuorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA), Brominated Dioxins (PBDDs) and Furans (PBDFs) in Wild and Farmed Organisms at Different Trophic Levels in the Mediterranean Sea

1
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, 20156 Milano, Italy
2
Toxicological Chemistry Unit, Environment Department, Italian National Institute of Health, 00161 Rome, Italy
3
School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, I-62024 Matelica, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analysis of Chemical Contaminants in Food)
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Abstract

The present study shows the results of perfuorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), brominated dioxins (PBDDs) and furans (PBDFs) measured in several marine fish and seafood of commercial interest at different trophic levels of the food chain. The aims were to investigate the level of the contamination in Mediterranean aquatic wildlife, and in farmed fish, to assess human exposure associated to fishery products consumption. Samples of wild fish were collected during three different sampling campaigns in different Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 37 areas of the Mediterranean Sea. In addition, farmed fish (gilthead sea bream and European sea bass) from off-shore cages from different marine aquaculture plants. Results showed contamination values of PFOS and PFOA were lower than those detected in sea basins other than the Mediterranean Sea. Concentration values of PFOS were generally higher than those of PFOA; moreover, levels in farmed fish were lower than in wild samples from the Mediterranean Sea. Intake of PFOS and PFOA through fishery products consumption was estimated to be 2.12 and 0.24 ng/kg·BW·day, respectively, for high consumers (95th percentile). Results of 2,3,7,8-substituted congeners of PBDDs and PBDFs were almost all below the limit of detection (LOD), making it difficult to establish the contribution of these compounds to the total contamination of dioxin-like compounds in fish and fishery products. View Full-Text
Keywords: perfluorooctane sulfonate; perfluorooctane acid; PFOS; PFOA; mediteranean fish; toxicological risk perfluorooctane sulfonate; perfluorooctane acid; PFOS; PFOA; mediteranean fish; toxicological risk
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Fattore, E.; Bagnati, R.; Colombo, A.; Fanelli, R.; Miniero, R.; Brambilla, G.; Di Domenico, A.; Roncarati, A.; Davoli, E. Perfuorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA), Brominated Dioxins (PBDDs) and Furans (PBDFs) in Wild and Farmed Organisms at Different Trophic Levels in the Mediterranean Sea. Toxics 2018, 6, 50.

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