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Eleven Monovarietal Extra Virgin Olive Oils from Olives Grown and Processed under the Same Conditions: Effect of the Cultivar on the Chemical Composition and Sensory Traits
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Bioactive Compounds and Quality of Extra Virgin Olive Oil

1
Nutrition and Bromatology Group, Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University of Vigo, Ourense Campus, E32004 Ourense, Spain
2
Centro de Investigação de Montanha (CIMO), Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolonia, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal
3
CINBIO, Universidade de Vigo, Department of Biochemistry, Genetics and Immunology, Campus Universitario Lagoas Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Spain
4
Meat Technology Centre Foundation, 32900 San Cibrao das Viñas, Spain
5
Nutrition and Food Science Area, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Science, Toxicology and Forensic Medicine Department, Universitat de València, Faculty of Pharmacy, Avda, Vicent Andrés Estellés, s/n, Burjassot, 46100 València, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(8), 1014; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081014
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 23 July 2020 / Accepted: 24 July 2020 / Published: 28 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds and Quality of Olive Oil)
(1) Background: Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is responsible for a large part of many health benefits associated to Mediterranean diet as it is a fundamental ingredient of this diet. The peculiarities of this golden, highly valued product are in part due to the requirements that must be met to achieve this title, namely, it has to be obtained using exclusively mechanical procedures, its free acidity cannot be greater than 0.8%, it must not show sensory defects, and it has to possess a fruity taste. (2) Methods: All these characteristics are key factors to EVOO quality, thus the chemical composition of these many health-promoting compounds, such as unsaturated fatty acids (which are also the major compounds, especially oleic acid), as well as minor components such as tocopherols or phenolic compounds (which behave as natural antioxidants) must be preserved. (3) Results: Due to the presence of all these compounds, the daily consumption of EVOO entails health benefits such as cardioprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor properties or acting as regulator of the intestinal microbiota, among others. (4) Conclusions: Taking all together, conserving EVOO chemical composition is essential to preserve its properties, so it is worth to control certain factors during storage like exposure to light, temperature, oxygen presence or the chosen packaging material, to maintain its quality and extend its shelf-life until its consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: extra virgin olive oil; chemical composition; bioactive substances; EVOO quality; applications extra virgin olive oil; chemical composition; bioactive substances; EVOO quality; applications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jimenez-Lopez, C.; Carpena, M.; Lourenço-Lopes, C.; Gallardo-Gomez, M.; Lorenzo, J.M.; Barba, F.J.; Prieto, M.A.; Simal-Gandara, J. Bioactive Compounds and Quality of Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Foods 2020, 9, 1014. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081014

AMA Style

Jimenez-Lopez C, Carpena M, Lourenço-Lopes C, Gallardo-Gomez M, Lorenzo JM, Barba FJ, Prieto MA, Simal-Gandara J. Bioactive Compounds and Quality of Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Foods. 2020; 9(8):1014. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081014

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jimenez-Lopez, Cecilia; Carpena, Maria; Lourenço-Lopes, Catarina; Gallardo-Gomez, Maria; Lorenzo, Jose M.; Barba, Francisco J.; Prieto, Miguel A.; Simal-Gandara, Jesus. 2020. "Bioactive Compounds and Quality of Extra Virgin Olive Oil" Foods 9, no. 8: 1014. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081014

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