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Open AccessArticle

Nutrient Composition of Demersal, Pelagic, and Mesopelagic Fish Species Sampled Off the Coast of Bangladesh and Their Potential Contribution to Food and Nutrition Security—The EAF-Nansen Programme

1
Institute of Marine Research, P.O. Box 2029 Nordnes, 5817 Bergen, Norway
2
Health and Nutrition, Social Assistance and Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Cox’s Bazar 4700, Bangladesh
3
WorldFish, Jalan Batu Maung, Batu Maung, Bayan Lepas, Penang 11960, Malaysia
4
Marine Fisheries Survey Management Unit, Department of Fisheries, CGO Building-2, Agrabad, Chattogram 4100, Bangladesh
5
Wildlife Conservation Society-Myanmar Program, P.O. Box Kamayut, Yangon 11041, Myanmar
6
Institute of Postharvest Technology, National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA), P.O. Box Colombo 01500, Sri Lanka
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Current affiliation: P.O. Box 423, Deakin Residence, P-Building, Deakin University, Princess Highway, Warrnambol, Victoria 3280, Australia.
Foods 2020, 9(6), 730; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9060730
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 27 May 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seafood and Seafood Products)
Fish is a major part of the Bangladeshi diet, but data on the nutrient composition of marine fish species are sparse. Mesopelagic fish may be a new potential resource of food and nutrients; however, nutrient composition data are lacking. The aim of this study was to provide nutrient composition data of fish species sampled off the coast of Bangladesh and determine their potential contribution to recommended nutrient intakes (RNI). Seven species from the pelagic, mesopelagic, and demersal zones were sampled from the coast of Bangladesh with Dr. Fridtjof Nansen in 2018. Three pooled samples containing 15-840 individuals from each species were analysed at the Institute of Marine Research, Norway. The demersal species contained substantially lower concentrations of nearly all nutrients, whereas the mesopelagic species generally were more nutrient dense. All species, except for the demersal species Bombay duck (9% dry matter), were found to contribute ≥100% to the RNI of vitamin B12, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, and selenium. All species, except for the demersal fish species, contributed ≥25% to the RNI of six or more nutrients. The data presented in this paper are an important contribution to the Bangladeshi food composition table and contribute to the understanding of fish as an important source of micronutrients. View Full-Text
Keywords: fish; nutrient composition; recommended nutrient intakes; micronutrients; food and nutrition security; Bangladesh; Bay of Bengal; marine; food composition data; mesopelagic fish; nutrient composition; recommended nutrient intakes; micronutrients; food and nutrition security; Bangladesh; Bay of Bengal; marine; food composition data; mesopelagic
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Nordhagen, A.; Rizwan, A.A.M.; Aakre, I.; Moxness Reksten, A.; Pincus, L.M.; Bøkevoll, A.; Mamun, A.; Haraksingh Thilsted, S.; Htut, T.; Somasundaram, T.; Kjellevold, M. Nutrient Composition of Demersal, Pelagic, and Mesopelagic Fish Species Sampled Off the Coast of Bangladesh and Their Potential Contribution to Food and Nutrition Security—The EAF-Nansen Programme. Foods 2020, 9, 730.

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