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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Different Tetracycline Antimicrobial Therapy of Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma synoviae) in Laying Hens Compared to Tea Tree Essential Oil on Table Egg Quality and Antibiotic Residues

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Department of Engineering Management in Biotechnology, Faculty of Economics and Engineering Management in Novi Sad, University Business Academy in Novi Sad, Cvećarska 2, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Kodor Kamez, 1000 Tirana, Albania
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Department of DETO, Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70010 Valenzano, Italy
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Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Scientific Veterinary Institute Novi Sad, Rumenački put 20, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Institute of Animal Science, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Av. Ilinden 92/a, 1000 Skopje, North Macedonia
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Institute of Public Health of Belgrade, Bulevar despota Stefana 54a, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Scientific Institute of Food Technology in Novi Sad, University of Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Laboratory of Nutrition, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(5), 612; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050612
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 30 April 2020 / Accepted: 1 May 2020 / Published: 11 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds: Applications in Foods of Animal Origin)
The food of animal origin that is the most consumed is the table egg, but laying hens treated with antibiotics can produce eggs contaminated with antibiotic residues. Residues of antibiotics may present a risk for consumer health. Keeping in mind that laying hens almost always suffer from Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma synoviae), for which they are treated with antibiotics, high-quality egg production is even harder. Our research aimed to investigate the influence of three different antibiotics compared to the tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) essential oil administered to naturally infected laying hens with M. synoviae, on antibiotic residues in eggs as well as the egg nutritive and sensory qualities. A total of 20,000 laying hens, housed in one facility and divided into four lines each consisting of 5000 hens naturally infected with M. synoviae, was used. For the antimicrobial therapy, tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and chlortetracycline (CTC) were used, respectively. As a control, tea tree essential oil (TT) was used. Based on the gained results all tetracyclines treatment residue values were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared to the control treatment (TT), but without any significant differences (p > 0.05) between themselves. The results showed no differences in the nutritive and the sensory qualities of eggs between the control and the experimental treatments (p > 0.05). Keeping in mind the obtained results from this study, it can be concluded that tea tree essential oil could be successfully used as a natural antibiotic in the treatment of M. synoviae, without any adverse effects on table egg quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: eggs; food; protein; health; antibiotics; residues; essential oils; tetracyclines; hens eggs; food; protein; health; antibiotics; residues; essential oils; tetracyclines; hens
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MDPI and ACS Style

Puvača, N.; Lika, E.; Tufarelli, V.; Bursić, V.; Ljubojević Pelić, D.; Nikolova, N.; Petrović, A.; Prodanović, R.; Vuković, G.; Lević, J.; Giannenas, I. Influence of Different Tetracycline Antimicrobial Therapy of Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma synoviae) in Laying Hens Compared to Tea Tree Essential Oil on Table Egg Quality and Antibiotic Residues. Foods 2020, 9, 612. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050612

AMA Style

Puvača N, Lika E, Tufarelli V, Bursić V, Ljubojević Pelić D, Nikolova N, Petrović A, Prodanović R, Vuković G, Lević J, Giannenas I. Influence of Different Tetracycline Antimicrobial Therapy of Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma synoviae) in Laying Hens Compared to Tea Tree Essential Oil on Table Egg Quality and Antibiotic Residues. Foods. 2020; 9(5):612. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050612

Chicago/Turabian Style

Puvača, Nikola; Lika, Erinda; Tufarelli, Vincenzo; Bursić, Vojislava; Ljubojević Pelić, Dragana; Nikolova, Nedeljka; Petrović, Aleksandra; Prodanović, Radivoj; Vuković, Gorica; Lević, Jovanka; Giannenas, Ilias. 2020. "Influence of Different Tetracycline Antimicrobial Therapy of Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma synoviae) in Laying Hens Compared to Tea Tree Essential Oil on Table Egg Quality and Antibiotic Residues" Foods 9, no. 5: 612. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050612

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