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Nutritional Characteristics of Four Underutilized Edible Wild Fruits of Dietary Interest in Ghana

1
Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Mechanization and Irrigation Technology, University for Development Studies, P.O. Box TL 1882, Nyankpala Campus, Tamale, Ghana
2
Product Development Programme, National Horticultural Research Institute, Jericho G.R.A., Ibadan 200272, Oyo State, Nigeria
3
Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, Section of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstra├če 1a., 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(3), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8030104
Received: 10 February 2019 / Revised: 25 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Food Nutrition)
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Abstract

Malnutrition has been a serious issue in Ghana and Africa as a whole. However, the potential of many indigenous fruits to combat it has not yet been tested. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the nutritional characteristics of four underutilized wild fruits (Gardenia erubescens, Sclerocarya birrea, Diospyros mespiliformis, and Balanites aegyptiaca) of dietary interest in Ghana. The nutritional and antinutritional characteristics of the fruits were analyzed according to standard methods (laid down by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists and other well-known researchers) on a dry weight (dw) basis. The nutritional value of the fruits was high enough to contribute to the nutrient requirements of humans, with their iron (0.34–1.46 mg/100 g), zinc (0.81–2.97 mg/100 g), vitamin A (0.84–2.03 mg/100 g), and β-carotene (64.84–176.89 mg/100 g) contents worth special mention. The antinutrient content also ranged between 0.06–1.82 mg/g. Therefore, it is evident from the study that the fruits, although containing some levels of antinutrients, are nutrient-dense, suggesting their potency in fighting malnutrition in humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: malnutrition; underutilized; wild forest fruits; nutritional value malnutrition; underutilized; wild forest fruits; nutritional value
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Achaglinkame, M.A.; Aderibigbe, R.O.; Hensel, O.; Sturm, B.; Korese, J.K. Nutritional Characteristics of Four Underutilized Edible Wild Fruits of Dietary Interest in Ghana. Foods 2019, 8, 104.

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