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Foods 2018, 7(9), 143; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7090143

Antioxidant and Phytochemical Studies of 31 Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp.)) Genotypes from Burkina Faso

1
National Center of Scientific Research and Technology, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Crop Production Department, 01 P.O. Box 476 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
2
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Chemistry Applied (LABIOCA), University of Ouaga I Professor Joseph Ki-Zerbo, 09 P.O. Box 848 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
3
Unit of formation and Research in Sciences and Technology, University Norbert Zongo, P.O. Box 376 Koudougou, Burkina Faso
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 30 August 2018 / Published: 3 September 2018
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Abstract

Antioxidant compounds of dietary plants have been widely studied because of their bioactive properties. The objective of this research study was to analyse the health enhancing attributes of 31 cowpeas varieties from Burkina Faso. Significant variations were observed in the phenolic content as well as the antioxidant and anti-lipid peroxidation activities amongst the cowpea varieties. Pearson correlation coefficient analysis showed that the ferric reducing ability (r = 0.954) and anti-lipid peroxidation (r = 0.616) were positively correlated with the total phenolic content. A significant relationship between cowpea ferric reducing ability and anti-lipid peroxidation (r = 0.64) was also revealed. However, nitric oxide scavenging potential was found not to be related to its total phenolic and total flavonoid content. 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radicals scavenging potentials were not correlated with the total flavonoid content. The pigmented seeds of cowpea varieties possess higher total phenolic, total flavonoid content, ferric reduction ability, and anti-lipid peroxidation activities than the colourless ones. The results obtained from this study suggest that Burkina Faso cowpea cultivars are rich in phenolic compounds and have significant antioxidant and anti-lipid peroxidation activities. Consumption of the cowpea, particularly of coloured cowpea seed varieties, should be beneficial for chronic human diseases prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vigna unguiculata; phenolic content; antioxidant activities; genotype Vigna unguiculata; phenolic content; antioxidant activities; genotype
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Sombié, P.A.E.D.; Compaoré, M.; Coulibaly, A.Y.; Ouédraogo, J.T.; Tignégré, J.-B.D.L.S.; Kiendrébéogo, M. Antioxidant and Phytochemical Studies of 31 Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp.)) Genotypes from Burkina Faso. Foods 2018, 7, 143.

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