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Open AccessArticle

Tackling Food Insecurity in Cabo Verde Islands: The Nutritional, Agricultural and Environmental Values of the Legume Species

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Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1340-017 Lisboa, Portugal
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Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
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Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO), InBIO Associate Laboratory, Pole of Azores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade dos Açores, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
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Nova School of Business and Economics, Campus de Carcavelos, 2775-405 Carcavelos, Portugal
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Escola Superior de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade de Cabo Verde, Santiago, Praia CP 379, Cape Verde
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Centro de Estudos sobre África para o Desenvolvimento (CEsA), Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, Universidade de Lisboa, 1200-781 Lisboa, Portugal
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Centre of Tropical Studies for Development (CENTROP), Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
8
MEtRICs/DCTB, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sandrina A. Heleno and Lillian Barros
Foods 2021, 10(2), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020206
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive/Nutraceutical Compounds in Plant Foods)
Legume species are important food sources to reduce hunger and deal with malnutrition; they also play a crucial role in sustainable agriculture in the tropical dry islands of Cabo Verde. To improve the knowledge of the heritage of plant genetic resources in this Middle Income Country, this study had three main goals: (i) to provide a checklist of food legumes; (ii) to investigate which species are traded in local markets and, based on field surveys, to compare species for their chemical, phenolic, antioxidant, and nutritional composition; and (iii) to discuss the agronomic value and contribution to food security in this archipelago. Our results revealed that 15 species are used as food and 5 of them are locally traded (Cajanus cajan, Lablab purpureus, Phaseolus lunatus, Phaseolus vulgaris, and Vigna unguiculata). The role of these species as sources of important minerals, antioxidants, and nutritional components for food security is highlighted, and the native ones (Lablab purpureus and Vigna unguiculata) stand-out as particularly well-adapted to the climate of these islands, which are already experiencing the adverse effects of climate change. We conclude that the sustainable use of these genetic resources can contribute to the reduction of hunger and poverty, thus meeting some challenges of the Sustainable Development Goals. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropical dry islands; middle income countries (MICs); legumes diversity; phenolic contents; mineral content; nutritional composition; agronomic value tropical dry islands; middle income countries (MICs); legumes diversity; phenolic contents; mineral content; nutritional composition; agronomic value
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brilhante, M.; Varela, E.; P. Essoh, A.; Fortes, A.; Duarte, M.C.; Monteiro, F.; Ferreira, V.; Correia, A.M.; Duarte, M.P.; Romeiras, M.M. Tackling Food Insecurity in Cabo Verde Islands: The Nutritional, Agricultural and Environmental Values of the Legume Species. Foods 2021, 10, 206. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020206

AMA Style

Brilhante M, Varela E, P. Essoh A, Fortes A, Duarte MC, Monteiro F, Ferreira V, Correia AM, Duarte MP, Romeiras MM. Tackling Food Insecurity in Cabo Verde Islands: The Nutritional, Agricultural and Environmental Values of the Legume Species. Foods. 2021; 10(2):206. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020206

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brilhante, Miguel; Varela, Eromise; P. Essoh, Anyse; Fortes, Arlindo; Duarte, Maria C.; Monteiro, Filipa; Ferreira, Vladimir; Correia, Augusto M.; Duarte, Maria P.; Romeiras, Maria M. 2021. "Tackling Food Insecurity in Cabo Verde Islands: The Nutritional, Agricultural and Environmental Values of the Legume Species" Foods 10, no. 2: 206. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020206

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