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Article

Influence of Diabetes on Implant Failure and Peri-Implant Diseases: A Retrospective Study

1
Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, Universitaà degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy
2
IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute, 20161 Milan, Italy
3
Department of Oral Surgery, Institute of Dentistry, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 119146 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2020, 8(3), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030070
Received: 9 June 2020 / Revised: 29 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 4 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management of Peri-Implantitis)
Diabetes is an important modifying factor of periodontitis, but its association with peri-implant diseases has not been fully explored and the existing literature reports controversial results. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the influence of diabetes on peri-implantitis and implant failure. Smoking status, history of periodontal disease, presence of diabetes, diabetes type, therapy and glycaemia levels were collected in a total of 204 subjects treated with 929 implants, with a mean follow-up time of 5.7 ± 3.82 years after loading. Odds ratio (OR) for diabetes as a direct cause of peri-implantitis and implant failure were calculated, adjusted for smoking status and history of periodontitis. Nineteen patients were diabetic and most of them presented a good control of the disease at the time of surgery. The overall patient-level prevalence of peri-implantitis was 11.3%. Among diabetic patients, one developed peri-implantitis, whereas one experienced multiple implant failures. The calculated ORs, adjusted for smoking status and periodontitis, were not statistically significant. The results revealed no association between diabetes and peri-implantitis or implant failure coherently with the existing scientific literature. The actual influence of hyperglycemia on implant failure is still uncertain and new studies with larger cohorts of patients are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental implants; diabetes; hyperglycemia; implant failure; peri-implantitis dental implants; diabetes; hyperglycemia; implant failure; peri-implantitis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alberti, A.; Morandi, P.; Zotti, B.; Tironi, F.; Francetti, L.; Taschieri, S.; Corbella, S. Influence of Diabetes on Implant Failure and Peri-Implant Diseases: A Retrospective Study. Dent. J. 2020, 8, 70. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030070

AMA Style

Alberti A, Morandi P, Zotti B, Tironi F, Francetti L, Taschieri S, Corbella S. Influence of Diabetes on Implant Failure and Peri-Implant Diseases: A Retrospective Study. Dentistry Journal. 2020; 8(3):70. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030070

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alberti, Alice, Paolo Morandi, Beatrice Zotti, Francesco Tironi, Luca Francetti, Silvio Taschieri, and Stefano Corbella. 2020. "Influence of Diabetes on Implant Failure and Peri-Implant Diseases: A Retrospective Study" Dentistry Journal 8, no. 3: 70. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8030070

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