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Adjunctive Effects of a Sub-Antimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline on Clinical Parameters and Potential Biomarkers of Periodontal Tissue Catabolism

1
School of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, Ege University, İzmir 35100, Turkey
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Hospital, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
3
Laboratory of Periodontal Biology and Dentistry, University of Chile, Santiago 8380492, Chile
4
Dentistry Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Autόnomia de Chile, Santiago 8910132, Chile
5
School of Medicine, Department of Medical Informatics, Ege University, İzmir 35100, Turkey
6
Department of Dental Medicine, Division of Periodontology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 14104, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7010009
Received: 11 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 20 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pathogenesis of Periodontal Disease)
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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-arm study was to examine the effectiveness of a sub-antimicrobial dose of doxycycline (SDD) in combination with nonsurgical periodontal therapy, compared to nonsurgical periodontal therapy alone, on potential gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) biomarkers of periodontal tissue catabolism related to the clinical outcomes over a 12-month period. Materials and Methods: GCF was collected and clinical parameters were recorded from 30 periodontitis patients randomized either to an SDD or placebo group. The SDD group received SDD (20 mg) b.i.d for 3 months plus scaling and root planing (SRP), while the placebo group was given placebo capsules b.i.d for 3 months plus SRP. The patients were evaluated every 3 months during the 12-month study period. At each visit, clinical parameters and GCF sampling were repeated. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, MMP-9, MMP-13, myeloperoxidase (MPO), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5 (TRAP-5) were determined by IFMA and ELISA. Results: Significant improvements were observed in all clinical parameters in both groups over 12 months (p < 0.0125) while the SDD group showed significantly better reduction in gingival index (GI) and pocket depth and a gain in clinical attachment compared to the placebo group (p < 0.05). GCF MMP-8 and OPG levels significantly reduced in the SDD group compared to baseline (p < 0.05). GCF MMP-9 significantly decreased in both groups compared to baseline (p < 0.05). GCF MPO significantly decreased at 3 and 9 months in the SDD group, while it significantly decreased at 6 months in the placebo group (p < 0.05). TRAP and MMP-13 could be detected in none of the samples. Conclusions: The present results indicate that three months of adjunctive usage of SDD to nonsurgical periodontal therapy compared to nonsurgical periodontal therapy alone in periodontitis patients results in further improvement of clinical periodontal parameters and GCF markers of periodontal tissue breakdown over a 12-month period. Beneficial effects of adjunctive SDD therapy is likely to be related to the reduced levels of two major periodontitis-associated MMPs, MMP-8 and -9, and their potential oxidative activator MPO. View Full-Text
Keywords: subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline; scaling and root planning; gingival crevicular fluid; adjunctive therapy subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline; scaling and root planning; gingival crevicular fluid; adjunctive therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Emingil, G.; Gürkan, A.; Tervahartiala, T.; Hernandez, M.; Özgül, S.; Sorsa, T.; Alassiri, S. Adjunctive Effects of a Sub-Antimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline on Clinical Parameters and Potential Biomarkers of Periodontal Tissue Catabolism. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 9.

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