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Modelling and Cost Estimation for Conversion of Green Methanol to Renewable Liquid Transport Fuels via Olefin Oligomerisation

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LUT School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
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Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
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LUT School of Energy Systems, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohd Azlan Hussain
Processes 2021, 9(6), 1046; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061046
Received: 18 May 2021 / Revised: 5 June 2021 / Accepted: 9 June 2021 / Published: 15 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Process Control and Supervision)
The ambitious CO2 emission reduction targets for the transport sector set in the Paris Climate Agreement require low-carbon energy solutions that can be commissioned rapidly. The production of gasoline, kerosene, and diesel from renewable methanol using methanol-to-olefins (MTO) and Mobil’s Olefins to Gasoline and Distillate (MOGD) syntheses was investigated in this study via process simulation and economic analysis. The current work presents a process simulation model comprising liquid fuel production and heat integration. According to the economic analysis, the total cost of production was found to be 3409 €/tfuels (273 €/MWhLHV), corresponding to a renewable methanol price of 963 €/t (174 €/MWhLHV). The calculated fuel price is considerably higher than the current cost of fossil fuels and biofuel blending components. The price of renewable methanol, which is largely dictated by the cost of electrolytic hydrogen and renewable electricity, was found to be the most significant factor affecting the profitability of the MTO-MOGD plant. To reduce the price of renewable fuels and make them economically viable, it is recommended that the EU’s sustainable transport policies are enacted to allow flexible and practical solutions to reduce transport-related emissions within the member states. View Full-Text
Keywords: methanol; MTO-MOGD; hydrocarbon fuels; renewable energy; sustainable transport; process simulation; techno-economic analysis methanol; MTO-MOGD; hydrocarbon fuels; renewable energy; sustainable transport; process simulation; techno-economic analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruokonen, J.; Nieminen, H.; Dahiru, A.R.; Laari, A.; Koiranen, T.; Laaksonen, P.; Vuokila, A.; Huuhtanen, M. Modelling and Cost Estimation for Conversion of Green Methanol to Renewable Liquid Transport Fuels via Olefin Oligomerisation. Processes 2021, 9, 1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061046

AMA Style

Ruokonen J, Nieminen H, Dahiru AR, Laari A, Koiranen T, Laaksonen P, Vuokila A, Huuhtanen M. Modelling and Cost Estimation for Conversion of Green Methanol to Renewable Liquid Transport Fuels via Olefin Oligomerisation. Processes. 2021; 9(6):1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruokonen, Jenna, Harri Nieminen, Ahmed R. Dahiru, Arto Laari, Tuomas Koiranen, Petteri Laaksonen, Ari Vuokila, and Mika Huuhtanen. 2021. "Modelling and Cost Estimation for Conversion of Green Methanol to Renewable Liquid Transport Fuels via Olefin Oligomerisation" Processes 9, no. 6: 1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061046

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