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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Chemical Characterization Using Different Analytical Techniques to Understand Processes: The Case of the Paraffinic Base Oil Production Line

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E2S UPPA, CNRS, IPREM, Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-Chimie pour l’Environnement et les Materiaux, Universite de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, UMR5254, Hélioparc, 64053 Pau, France
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International Joint Laboratory—iC2MC: Complex Matrices Molecular Characterization, TRTG, BP 27, 76700 Harfleur, France
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TOTAL Refining and Chemicals, Normandy Platform, 76700 Harfleur, France
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Chimie Organique et Bioorganique: Réactivité et Analyse lab (COBRA), Université de Rouen, 76130 Mont Saint Aignan CEDEX, France
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National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, 1800 East Paul Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32310, USA
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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, 95 Chieftan Way, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
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Future Fuels Institute, 1800 Paul Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, FL 32310, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(11), 1472; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8111472
Received: 11 October 2020 / Revised: 11 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heavy Oils Conversion Processes)
Mineral base oils are used to produce commercial lubricants and are obtained from refining vacuum residue. Lubricants are used to reduce friction in industry devices, so their viscosity is a key characteristic that needs to be optimized throughout the process. The purpose of this study is to show how global chemical characterization of samples from the base oil production chain can facilitate a better understanding of the molecular impacts of processing and their effect on macroscopic properties like viscosity. Eight different samples were characterized by different analytical techniques, including liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry techniques, to understand their chemical evolution through the different process units at the molecular level. Furthermore, a statistical treatment allowed for the identification of parameters that influence viscosity, mainly sulfur and polyaromatics content. This study demonstrates the importance and effectiveness of cross-checking results from different complementary analytical techniques to acquire valuable data on lubricating oil base samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: lubricant base oil; GPC ICP HRMS; APPI FT ICR MS; HPLC3; aromatics; viscosity lubricant base oil; GPC ICP HRMS; APPI FT ICR MS; HPLC3; aromatics; viscosity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moulian, R.; Le Maître, J.; Leroy, H.; Rodgers, R.; Bouyssiere, B.; Afonso, C.; Giusti, P.; Barrère-Mangote, C. Chemical Characterization Using Different Analytical Techniques to Understand Processes: The Case of the Paraffinic Base Oil Production Line. Processes 2020, 8, 1472.

AMA Style

Moulian R, Le Maître J, Leroy H, Rodgers R, Bouyssiere B, Afonso C, Giusti P, Barrère-Mangote C. Chemical Characterization Using Different Analytical Techniques to Understand Processes: The Case of the Paraffinic Base Oil Production Line. Processes. 2020; 8(11):1472.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moulian, Rémi; Le Maître, Johann; Leroy, Hélène; Rodgers, Ryan; Bouyssiere, Brice; Afonso, Carlos; Giusti, Pierre; Barrère-Mangote, Caroline. 2020. "Chemical Characterization Using Different Analytical Techniques to Understand Processes: The Case of the Paraffinic Base Oil Production Line" Processes 8, no. 11: 1472.

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