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Open AccessArticle

Thermal Performance of T-shaped Obstacles in a Solar Air Heater

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(10), 1305; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8101305
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
This paper proposes T-shaped ribs as obstacles attached to the heat absorber plate in a rectangular solar air heater to promote heat transfer. The thermal and aerodynamic performance of the solar heater was numerically evaluated using three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations with the shear stress transport turbulence model. A parameter study was performed using the ratios of rib height to channel height, rib width to channel width, and rib width to rib height. The area-averaged Nusselt number and friction factor were selected as the performance parameters of the solar air heater to evaluate the heat transfer and friction loss, respectively. In addition, the performance factor was defined as the ratio of the area-averaged Nusselt number to the friction factor. The maximum area-averaged Nusselt number was found at h/e = 0.83 for a fixed rib area. Compared with triangular ribs, the T-shaped ribs showed up to a 65 % higher area-averaged Nusselt number and up to a 49.7% higher performance factor. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar air heater; ribs; Nusselt number; friction factor; Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations solar air heater; ribs; Nusselt number; friction factor; Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations
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Ahn, S.-Y.; Kim, K.-Y. Thermal Performance of T-shaped Obstacles in a Solar Air Heater. Processes 2020, 8, 1305.

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