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Processes 2019, 7(2), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7020102

Dynamics of Water Quality: Impact Assessment Process for Water Resource Management

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Baha-ud-din Zakariya University, Multan 66000, Pakistan
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, Multan 66000, Pakistan
3
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Baha-ud-din Zakariya University, Multan 66000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 27 January 2019 / Published: 15 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Modelling)
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Abstract

Surface water is an important source of water supply for irrigation purpose and in urban areas, sewage water is being disposed of in nearby canals without treatment. A study was conducted to investigate the dynamics of water quality of irrigation canal as a result of this practice. The study ascertained the impact of different salinity parameters, indices and approaches to examine the hazardous effects on quality of canal water. The study analyses the samples collected for various parameters like pH, TDS, EC, Na, Cl, Ca, Mg, K, CO3, HCO3 etc. It helped to decide the restriction on use of water based on FAO-UN guidelines. Investigations were focused on assessment of contaminants affecting the quality of water and having hazardous effects on different stages of irrigation water usage. Wilcox diagram and Doneen’s approach-based analysis helped to identify the class and quality of water. This study shall help to analyze the quality of water and provide support to the decision makers for better water resource management and policy development for irrigation purpose i.e., treatment and distribution of water resource. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; sodium absorption; wilcox diagram; water management water quality; sodium absorption; wilcox diagram; water management
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Bhatti, E.-U.-H.; Khan, M.M.; Shah, S.A.R.; Raza, S.S.; Shoaib, M.; Adnan, M. Dynamics of Water Quality: Impact Assessment Process for Water Resource Management. Processes 2019, 7, 102.

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