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Physical Fitness and Motor Competence in Chinese and German Elementary School Children in Relation to Different Physical Activity Settings

1
Institute of Sport Science, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
2
Department of Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Fortstraße 7, 76829 Landau in der Pfalz, Germany
3
Department of Physical Education and Training, Shanghai University of Sport, 650 Qingyuan Ring Rd, Yangpu District, Shanghai 200438, China
4
Department of Training Science, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Rd, Xihu, Hangzhou 310028, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rhodri S. Lloyd
Children 2021, 8(5), 391; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050391
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(1) Background: Children with greater physical activity (PA) may show a higher physical fitness (PF) and motor competence (MC) compared to peers with less PA. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), PF, and MC in 8- to 9-year old children in Germany and China. MVPA was differentiated into five PA settings: family sport, club training, school sport, leisure sport, and outside play. (2) Methods: This longitudinal study comprised N = 577 children (n = 311 girls, n = 266 boys) who were studied over a one-year period. Each child’s PF and MC was determined using sports motor tests. The children’s PAs were measured using a questionnaire. (3) Results: The children’s PA was positively associated with PF and MC. The MVPA-settings: family sport, leisure sport, outside play, school, and club sport, explained between 18 and 23 percent of the variance in selected PF and MC characteristics in a multivariate linear regression analysis. (4) Conclusions: An increase in the children’s MVPA might be an appropriate aim in the school sport in Germany as well as in the club sport system in China. Furthermore, family sport should be enhanced in Germany and outside play activities in China, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: intercultural comparison; motor development; physical activity; mediation analysis; school sport; club sport; family sport; outside play intercultural comparison; motor development; physical activity; mediation analysis; school sport; club sport; family sport; outside play
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hohmann, A.; Yuan, X.; Schmitt, M.; Zhang, H.; Pietzonka, M.; Siener, M. Physical Fitness and Motor Competence in Chinese and German Elementary School Children in Relation to Different Physical Activity Settings. Children 2021, 8, 391. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050391

AMA Style

Hohmann A, Yuan X, Schmitt M, Zhang H, Pietzonka M, Siener M. Physical Fitness and Motor Competence in Chinese and German Elementary School Children in Relation to Different Physical Activity Settings. Children. 2021; 8(5):391. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050391

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hohmann, Andreas, Xinchi Yuan, Manfred Schmitt, Hui Zhang, Micha Pietzonka, and Maximilian Siener. 2021. "Physical Fitness and Motor Competence in Chinese and German Elementary School Children in Relation to Different Physical Activity Settings" Children 8, no. 5: 391. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050391

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