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Article

Weighted Blankets and Sleep Quality in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Single-Subject Design

1
College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, UT 84606, USA
2
School of Rehabilitation and Communication Sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA
3
Mary Lanning Healthcare, Hastings, NE 68901, USA
4
Idaho Home Health and Hospice, Gooding, ID 83330, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2021, 8(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010010
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 27 December 2020
The purpose of the study was to explore the efficacy of weighted blanket applications and sleep quality in children with autism spectrum disorder and behavioral manifestations of sensory processing deficits. Two 4-year-old participants diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder who also experienced sleep disturbances took part in a single-subject design study. Objective sleep measures and caregiver surveys were tracked for a baseline period of eight days, followed by a 14-day weighted blanket intervention and a seven-day withdrawal phase. Caregiver reports and objective data were evaluated using visual analysis and the percentage of non-overlapping data methods. The results suggest minimal changes in sleep patterns as a result of the weighted blanket intervention. The findings based on using a weighted blanket intervention were enhanced morning mood after night use and a significantly decreased time to fall asleep for participants, though they were not strong enough to recommend for clinical use. Future directions include single-subject and cohort-designed studies exploring the efficacy of weighted blankets with increasing sleep quality among children with autism. View Full-Text
Keywords: weighted blankets; sensory-based interventions; autism spectrum disorder weighted blankets; sensory-based interventions; autism spectrum disorder
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gee, B.M.; Lloyd, K.; Sutton, J.; McOmber, T. Weighted Blankets and Sleep Quality in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Single-Subject Design. Children 2021, 8, 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010010

AMA Style

Gee BM, Lloyd K, Sutton J, McOmber T. Weighted Blankets and Sleep Quality in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Single-Subject Design. Children. 2021; 8(1):10. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gee, Bryan M., Kimberly Lloyd, Jesse Sutton, and Tyler McOmber. 2021. "Weighted Blankets and Sleep Quality in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Single-Subject Design" Children 8, no. 1: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010010

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