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Tracheal Stenosis and Congenital Heart Disease in Trisomy 21

Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
Children 2019, 6(9), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/children6090098
Received: 9 July 2019 / Revised: 28 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 September 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
Tracheal rings (TR) are rare, congenital cartilaginous defect of the upper airway and are usually due to complete or near complete circumferential cartilaginous tracheal rings, with variable degrees of tracheal stenosis (TS) and shortening. Chromosomal anomalies like trisomy 21 are characteristically associated with a wide range of upper airway anomalies including TS and congenital heart disease (CHD). However, the overall prevalence of severe forms of TS is rare and reported in 1.2% of all CHD patients. Herein, we present a rare association of severe TS due to complete tracheal rings in a trisomy 21 patient with CHD and the challenges in the management. View Full-Text
Keywords: tracheal stenosis; tracheal rings; complete; trisomy 21; congenital heart disease; bronchoscopy; slide tracheoplasty tracheal stenosis; tracheal rings; complete; trisomy 21; congenital heart disease; bronchoscopy; slide tracheoplasty
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Kylat, R.I. Tracheal Stenosis and Congenital Heart Disease in Trisomy 21. Children 2019, 6, 98.

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