Next Article in Journal
Pediatric Massage Therapy Research: A Narrative Review
Previous Article in Journal
Differential Diagnosis of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis
Open AccessArticle

An Overview on Acute Malnutrition and Food Insecurity among Children during the Conflict in Yemen

Modern Social Association (MSA), Aden, Yemen
Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, Hospital University, Heidelberg 69115, Germany
World Health Organization (WHO), P.O. Box 543, Sana’a, Yemen
World Health Organization, EMRO, P.O. Box 7608, Nasr City, Cairo 11371, Egypt
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2019, 6(6), 77;
Received: 11 May 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 31 May 2019 / Published: 5 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
Background: This study aims to describe malnutrition among children under five and to describe the food insecurity status during the current conflict in Yemen. Methods: Data were obtained from a Yemeni nutrition surveillance program (pilot phase) targeting 4142 households with 5276 children under five from two governorates (Ibb and Sana’a). Results: Global acute malnutrition was found in 13.3% of overall screened children, while 4.9% had severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 8.4% had moderate acute malnutrition. One-fifth of the children under six months of age were acutely malnourished, followed by children under two years at 18.5% based on weight-for-height z scores. Significant associations between malnutrition and other diseases included suspected measles at three times higher rates (4.5%, p < 0.00) among SAM cases than other children. Diarrhea, fever, and cough were significantly higher among the SAM group (p < 0.05). Most households depended on market food purchases in the month preceding this survey (84.7%). Household coping mechanisms to secure daily meals included borrowing food to survive, changing types and quality of food, and decreasing the number of meals per day; some families sent their children to live with relatives. Conclusion: Malnutrition is a serious public health problem. The humanitarian community needs to adopt alternative strategies to improve food security and the nutrition status in Yemen. View Full-Text
Keywords: malnutrition; food insecurity; infection; Yemen malnutrition; food insecurity; infection; Yemen
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dureab, F.; Al-Falahi, E.; Ismail, O.; Al-Marhali, L.; Al Jawaldeh, A.; Nuri, N.N.; Safary, E.; Jahn, A. An Overview on Acute Malnutrition and Food Insecurity among Children during the Conflict in Yemen. Children 2019, 6, 77.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop