Honey Evaluation Using Electronic Tongues: An Overview
AbstractHoney-rich composition in biologically active compounds makes honey a food products highly appreciated due to the nutritional and healthy properties. Food-manufacturing is very prone to different types of adulterations and fraudulent labelling making it urgent to establish accurate, fast and cost-effective analytical techniques for honey assessment. In addition to the classical techniques (e.g., physicochemical analysis, microscopy, chromatography, immunoassay, DNA metabarcoding, spectroscopy), electrochemical based-sensor devices have arisen as reliable and green techniques for food analysis including honey evaluation, allowing in-situ and on-line assessment, being a user-friendly procedure not requiring high technical expertise. In this work, the use of electronic tongues, also known as taste sensor devices, for honey authenticity and assessment is reviewed. Also, the versatility of electronic tongues to qualitative (e.g., botanical and/or geographical origin assessment as well as detection of adulteration) and quantitative (e.g., assessment of adulterants levels, determination of flavonoids levels or antibiotics and insecticides residues, flavonoids) honey analysis is shown. The review is mainly focused on the research outputs reported during the last decade aiming to demonstrate the potentialities of potentiometric and voltammetric multi-sensor devices, pointing out their main advantages and present and future challenges for becoming a practical quality analytical tool at industrial and commercial levels. View Full-Text
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Veloso, A.C.A.; Sousa, M.E.B.C.; Estevinho, L.; Dias, L.G.; Peres, A.M. Honey Evaluation Using Electronic Tongues: An Overview. Chemosensors 2018, 6, 28.
Veloso ACA, Sousa MEBC, Estevinho L, Dias LG, Peres AM. Honey Evaluation Using Electronic Tongues: An Overview. Chemosensors. 2018; 6(3):28.Chicago/Turabian Style
Veloso, Ana C.A.; Sousa, Mara E.B.C.; Estevinho, Leticia; Dias, Luís G.; Peres, António M. 2018. "Honey Evaluation Using Electronic Tongues: An Overview." Chemosensors 6, no. 3: 28.
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