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Article

Differences in the Pattern of Non-Recreational Sharing of Prescription Analgesics among Patients in Rural and Urban Areas

1
Department for Assessment of Safety and Efficacy, Croatian Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
3
Department of Family Medicine, Health Centre Kutina, 44320 Kutina, Croatia
4
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
5
Department of Family Medicine, Health Centre Osijek, 31204 Bijelo Brdo, Croatia
6
Department of Family Medicine, Health Centre Sisak, 44272 Lekenik, Croatia
7
Department of Family Medicine, Health Centre Imotski, 21262 Kamenmost, Croatia
8
Department of Family Medicine, Health Centre Cakovec, 40000 Cakovec, Croatia
9
Department of Family Medicine, Istrian Health Centre, 52341 Zminj, Croatia
10
Department of Family Medicine, Health Centre Cakovec, 40329 Kotoriba, Croatia
11
Department of Family Medicine, Split-Dalmatia Health Center, 21000 Split, Croatia
12
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Rijeka, 51221 Kostrena, Croatia
13
Department of Physics, School of Medicine, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
14
Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and Health Care, Catholic University of Croatia, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Davorka Vrdoljak died in March 2019.
Academic Editor: Jong Hyuk Lee
Healthcare 2021, 9(5), 541; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050541
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 16 April 2021 / Accepted: 21 April 2021 / Published: 6 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Essential Medicines Policies in the World)
Introduction: This study aimed to analyze differences in sharing of prescription analgesics between rural and urban populations. Methods: We surveyed 1000 participants in outpatient family medicine settings in Croatia. We used a 35-item questionnaire to analyze patients’ characteristics, pain intensity, prescription analgesic sharing behavior, and perception of risks regarding sharing prescription medications. Results: Prescription analgesic sharing was significantly more frequent in the rural (64%) than in the urban population 55% (p = 0.01). Participants from rural areas more commonly asked for verbal or written information than those from urban areas when taking others’ prescription analgesics (p < 0.001) or giving such analgesics (p < 0.001). Participants from rural areas more commonly informed their physician about such behavior compared to those from urban areas (p < 0.01), and they were significantly more often asked about such behavior by their physician (p < 0.01). Perceptions about risks associated with sharing prescription medication were similar between rural and urban populations. Conclusions: There are systematic differences in the frequency of prescription analgesics and associated behaviors between patients in family medicine who live in rural and urban areas. Patients from rural areas were more prone to share prescription analgesics. Future studies should examine reasons for differences in sharing prescription analgesics between rural and urban areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: prescription analgesic; sharing; lending; borrowing; rural; urban prescription analgesic; sharing; lending; borrowing; rural; urban
MDPI and ACS Style

Markotic, F.; Curkovic, M.; Pekez-Pavlisko, T.; Vrdoljak, D.; Vojvodic, Z.; Jurisic, D.; Puljiz, M.; Novinscak, M.; Bonassin, K.; Permozer Hajdarovic, S.; Tomicic, M.; Diminic-Lisica, I.; Fabris Ivsic, S.; Nejasmic, D.; Miosic, I.; Novak, I.; Puljak, L. Differences in the Pattern of Non-Recreational Sharing of Prescription Analgesics among Patients in Rural and Urban Areas. Healthcare 2021, 9, 541. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050541

AMA Style

Markotic F, Curkovic M, Pekez-Pavlisko T, Vrdoljak D, Vojvodic Z, Jurisic D, Puljiz M, Novinscak M, Bonassin K, Permozer Hajdarovic S, Tomicic M, Diminic-Lisica I, Fabris Ivsic S, Nejasmic D, Miosic I, Novak I, Puljak L. Differences in the Pattern of Non-Recreational Sharing of Prescription Analgesics among Patients in Rural and Urban Areas. Healthcare. 2021; 9(5):541. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050541

Chicago/Turabian Style

Markotic, Filipa, Mario Curkovic, Tanja Pekez-Pavlisko, Davorka Vrdoljak, Zeljko Vojvodic, Dinka Jurisic, Marijana Puljiz, Martina Novinscak, Karmela Bonassin, Snjezana Permozer Hajdarovic, Marion Tomicic, Ines Diminic-Lisica, Sonja Fabris Ivsic, Danijel Nejasmic, Ivana Miosic, Ivana Novak, and Livia Puljak. 2021. "Differences in the Pattern of Non-Recreational Sharing of Prescription Analgesics among Patients in Rural and Urban Areas" Healthcare 9, no. 5: 541. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050541

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