Next Article in Journal
Developing Sustainable Classification of Diseases via Deep Learning and Semi-Supervised Learning
Next Article in Special Issue
Design, Assessment, and Validation of a Questionnaire to Estimate Food-Dependent Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis Prevalence in Latin American Population
Previous Article in Journal
Perception of Patient Safety Culture in the Framework of the Psychosocial Care Network in Western Amazon: A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sex-Based Differences in the Association between Nutrition Label Awareness and the Prevalence of Atopic Dermatitis: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Article

The Nutritional Status of Adult Antiretroviral Therapy Recipients with a Recent HIV Diagnosis; A Cross-Sectional Study in Primary Health Facilities in Gauteng, South Africa

Department of Public Health, School of Health Care Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030290
Received: 23 June 2020 / Revised: 10 August 2020 / Accepted: 15 August 2020 / Published: 24 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Public Health)
The study determined the nutritional status of adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) recipients, and investigated the association between the duration on ART and the nutritional status. This study was based in primary health facilities in Gauteng, South Africa. The data collected included sociodemographic variables; the duration of the treatment; and the body mass index (BMI), classified as undernutrition (<18.5 kg/m2), normal (18.5–24.9 kg/m2), or overweight/obesity (≥25 kg/m2). ART recipients (n = 480) had a mean age of 35 (± 8.4SD) years. All had taken ART for six months or more (range 6–48 months). The data were analyzed using STATA 13.0. The overall prevalence of overweight/obesity was 39%, it was higher in females (46%) than in males (30%), 26% were overweight, and 13% were obese. Underweight was 13%, and was higher in males (18%) than females (9%). Being overweight was more likely in those aged ≥35 years and those in smaller households. Being obese was less likely in males, in the employed, and in those with a higher income, but was more likely in those with a longer duration on ART. Abdominal obesity was high, but less likely in males. Interventions to prevent overweight/obesity should be integrated into routine HIV care, while at the same time addressing the burden of undernutrition among ART recipients. View Full-Text
Keywords: South Africa; antiretroviral therapy; adults; underweight; overweight; obesity South Africa; antiretroviral therapy; adults; underweight; overweight; obesity
MDPI and ACS Style

Mahlangu, K.; Modjadji, P.; Madiba, S. The Nutritional Status of Adult Antiretroviral Therapy Recipients with a Recent HIV Diagnosis; A Cross-Sectional Study in Primary Health Facilities in Gauteng, South Africa. Healthcare 2020, 8, 290. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030290

AMA Style

Mahlangu K, Modjadji P, Madiba S. The Nutritional Status of Adult Antiretroviral Therapy Recipients with a Recent HIV Diagnosis; A Cross-Sectional Study in Primary Health Facilities in Gauteng, South Africa. Healthcare. 2020; 8(3):290. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030290

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahlangu, Khabo, Perpetua Modjadji, and Sphiwe Madiba. 2020. "The Nutritional Status of Adult Antiretroviral Therapy Recipients with a Recent HIV Diagnosis; A Cross-Sectional Study in Primary Health Facilities in Gauteng, South Africa" Healthcare 8, no. 3: 290. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030290

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop