Next Article in Journal
In Practice: The Importance of Practitioner Research in Vocational Education
Next Article in Special Issue
Analysis of the Educational Needs Related to, and Perceptions of the Importance of, Essential Job Competencies among Science and Engineering Graduates
Previous Article in Journal
Digital Learning Environments in Higher Education: A Literature Review of the Role of Individual vs. Social Settings for Measuring Learning Outcomes
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Pilot Study to Incorporate Collaboration and Energy Competency into an Engineering Ethics Course
Open AccessArticle

An Analysis of Students’ Cognitive Bias in Experimental Activities Following a Lab Manual

Institute of Nature Science Education, Korea National University of Education, Chungbuk 28173, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Educ. Sci. 2020, 10(3), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10030080
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 19 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
The purpose of this study is to develop a thinking process model that reveals cognitive bias through analyzing students’ cognitive biases in processing experimental manuals. Twenty-two college students participated in the study. During the “making electromagnets” experimental activity, we collected students’ concurrent verbal protocols, gaze positions, and experimental behaviors. After the experiment, we collected their retrospective verbal protocols and ensured reliability by diversifying the data. The collected data were analyzed inductively using the grounded theory methodology. The results showed that four categories of paradigm (causal conditions, phenomena, interactions, and contextual conditions) and fifteen concepts were derived. Students displayed bias in following the manual instructions due to the influence of causal conditions. When embodying biased representations as workspace entities, biased responses come from the influence of contextual conditions. Therefore, these can be developed in consideration of causal and contextual conditions when developing a manual, thereby reducing cognitive bias among students, and ultimately helping them perform accurate experiments. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive bias; experimental activities; lab manual cognitive bias; experimental activities; lab manual
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.U.; Yang, I.H. An Analysis of Students’ Cognitive Bias in Experimental Activities Following a Lab Manual. Educ. Sci. 2020, 10, 80.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop