Next Article in Journal
Allergic Reactions and Cross-Reactivity Potential with Beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Education for Hypertensive Patients with Correctly Performed Self-Blood Pressure Monitoring (SBPM)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Pilot and Feasibility of Combining a Medication Adherence Intervention and Group Diabetes Education for Patients with Type-2 Diabetes

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Iowa College of Pharmacy, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
2
Mercy Family Pharmacy, Dubuque, IA 52001, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2019, 7(3), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030076
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 18 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacist Services in Community Pharmacies)
  |  
PDF [3382 KB, uploaded 28 June 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

Introduction: Controlling diabetes typically requires self-management and medications. Community pharmacists are positioned to support patients with both. Methods: This study assessed the feasibility and potential benefit of combining pharmacist-provided group diabetes education (up to eight sessions) and medication synchronization using a three-group design. Data were collected using pre–post paper surveys and electronic health record data. One group received both education and synchronization services, another group received medication synchronization only, and a third served as control. Results: Of 300 contacted patients, eighteen patients participated in group diabetes education, 14 had medication synchronization only, and 12 comprised a control group. There was little change in HbA1c over the study period. Medication adherence appeared to be positively aided by medication synchronization, although all groups started with high adherence. Some medication beliefs and self-care activities may have been positively impacted by group diabetes education. Both groups receiving medication synchronization were satisfied. Conclusions: Participants strongly agreed they would recommend group diabetes education from the study pharmacy to a friend and were satisfied with medication synchronization; however, it was difficult to tell if there was a synergistic effect by combining the two services. Reimbursement for diabetes education was not obtained despite multiple attempts, hindering sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes education; pharmacist; medication synchronization; medication adherence; diabetes self-management; patient-reported outcomes diabetes education; pharmacist; medication synchronization; medication adherence; diabetes self-management; patient-reported outcomes
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Witry, M.; Ernzen, M.; Pape, A.; Viyyuri, B.R. Pilot and Feasibility of Combining a Medication Adherence Intervention and Group Diabetes Education for Patients with Type-2 Diabetes. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 76.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Pharmacy EISSN 2226-4787 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top