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Open AccessCommentary

Competency and Its Many Meanings

Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy and Institute for Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation—Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3M2, Canada
Pharmacy 2019, 7(2), 37;
Received: 22 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 22 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacy Education; Competency and beyond)
PDF [167 KB, uploaded 22 April 2019]


Competency and competency assessment are central to much of professional education, regulation, and practice. In the name of safe and effective professional practice, elaborate competency education and competency assessment systems have evolved, and consume significant time, energy, and financial resources. This paper will review the evolution of competing competency discourses in pharmacy and discuss implications of these approaches on professional practice, with particular emphasis on understanding the consequences of outsized focus on competency at the expense of other potential lenses for understanding professional practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: competency; competency assessment; pharmacy education; outcomes assessment competency; competency assessment; pharmacy education; outcomes assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Austin, Z. Competency and Its Many Meanings. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 37.

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