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Pharmacy 2017, 5(2), 19;

The Production of the PHAR-QA Competence Framework

Lorraine University, 5 rue Albert Lebrun, 54000 Nancy, France
Pharmacolor Consultants Nancy, 12 rue de Versigny, 54600 Villers, France
This article is dedicated to the memory of Bartholomew Rombaut who passed away on the 23 January 2014.
This article is dedicated to the memory of Bartholomew Rombaut who passed away on the 23 January 2014.
Academic Editor: Yvonne Perrie
Received: 16 January 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 1 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Competence Training for Pharmacy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [474 KB, uploaded 1 April 2017]   |  


This article describes the background and methodology of the PHAR-QA (Quality Assurance in European Pharmacy Education and Training) project that produced a competence framework for pharmacy education and practice in the EU. In order to produce a harmonized competence framework that could be accepted within the EU situation, we developed a two-stage Delphi process centred on two expert panels. A small panel of academics produced the competence framework that was then validated by the rankings of a large panel consisting of representatives of the EU pharmacy community. The main aspects of this process are developed in this article. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacy; education; competences; framework; methodology pharmacy; education; competences; framework; methodology

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Atkinson, J. The Production of the PHAR-QA Competence Framework. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 19.

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