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Pharmacy 2017, 5(2), 18;

The Implementation of Pharmacy Competence Teaching in Estonia

Institute of Pharmacy, University of Tartu, Nooruse 1, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
Estonian Pharmacies Association; Vae 16, Laagri, 76401 Harju County, Estonia
Greatly involved in curriculum development
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Atkinson
Received: 22 January 2017 / Revised: 16 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 31 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Competence Training for Pharmacy)
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Background: The PHAR-QA, “Quality Assurance in European Pharmacy Education and Training”, project has produced the European Pharmacy Competence Framework (EPCF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the existing pharmacy programme at the University of Tartu, using the EPCF. Methods: A qualitative assessment of the pharmacy programme by a convenience sample (n = 14) representing different pharmacy stakeholders in Estonia. EPCF competency levels were determined by using a five-point scale tool adopted from the Dutch competency standards framework. Mean scores of competency levels given by academia and other pharmacy stakeholders were compared. Results: Medical and social sciences, pharmaceutical technology, and pharmacy internship were more frequent subject areas contributing to EPCF competencies. In almost all domains, the competency level was seen higher by academia than by other pharmacy stakeholders. Despite on-board theoretical knowledge, the competency level at graduation could be insufficient for independent professional practice. Other pharmacy stakeholders would improve practical implementation of theoretical knowledge, especially to increase patient care competencies. Conclusions: The EPCF was utilized to evaluate professional competencies of entry-level pharmacists who have completed a traditional pharmacy curriculum. More efficient training methods and involvement of practicing specialists were suggested to reduce the gaps of the existing pharmacy programme. Applicability of competence teaching in Estonia requires more research and collaborative communication within the pharmacy sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: competence; competency; pharmacy education; Estonia competence; competency; pharmacy education; Estonia

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Volmer, D.; Sepp, K.; Veski, P.; Raal, A. The Implementation of Pharmacy Competence Teaching in Estonia. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 18.

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