Next Article in Journal
Drug Use before and during Pregnancy in Japan: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Introducing Pharmaceutical Care to Primary Care in Iceland—An Action Research Study
Previous Article in Journal
The Production of the PHAR-QA Competence Framework
Open AccessArticle

Quality of Life and Medication Adherence of Independently Living Older Adults Enrolled in a Pharmacist-Based Medication Management Program

1
St. Matthews Community Pharmacy, Louisville, KY 40207, USA
2
American Pharmacy Services Corporation, Frankfort, KY 40601, USA
3
Wheeler Pharmacy, Home Connection, Lexington, KY 40507, USA
4
General Dynamics Information Technology, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
5
Department of Behavioral and Community Health, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD 20742, USA
6
Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy Lexington, KY 40536, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Karen B. Farris and Antoinette B. Coe
Pharmacy 2017, 5(2), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy5020020
Received: 29 December 2016 / Revised: 7 March 2017 / Accepted: 29 March 2017 / Published: 6 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacists’ Role in Improving Medication Use and Health Outcomes)
This study sought to understand the medication adherence and quality of life (QOL) of recipients of a pharmacist-based medication management program among independently living older adults. Using a cross-sectional, quasi-experimental study design, we compared older adults enrolled in the program to older adults not enrolled in the program. Data were collected via face-to-face interviews in independent-living facilities and in participants’ homes. Independently living older adults who were enrolled in the medication management program (n = 38) were compared to older adults not enrolled in the program (control group (n = 41)). All participants were asked to complete questionnaires on health-related quality of life (QOL, using the SF-36) and medication adherence (using the four-item Morisky scale). The medication management program recipients reported significantly more prescribed medications (p < 0.0001) and were more likely to report living alone (p = 0.01) than the control group. The medication management program recipients had a significantly lower SF-36 physical functioning score (p = 0.03) compared to the control group, although other SF-36 domains and self-reported medication adherence were similar between the groups. Despite taking more medications and more commonly living alone, independent living older adults enrolled in a pharmacist-based medication management program had similar QOL and self-reported medication adherence when compared to older adults not enrolled in the program. This study provides initial evidence for the characteristics of older adults receiving a pharmacist-based medication management program, which may contribute to prolonged independent living and positive health outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacist roles; adherence; older adults; medication management; quality of life; medication use pharmacist roles; adherence; older adults; medication management; quality of life; medication use
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Harlow, C.; Hanna, C.; Eckmann, L.; Gokun, Y.; Zanjani, F.; Blumenschein, K.; Divine, H. Quality of Life and Medication Adherence of Independently Living Older Adults Enrolled in a Pharmacist-Based Medication Management Program. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 20.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop