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Lexical Crosslinguistic Influence and Study Abroad: Do Learners Use L1-Based Resources Less?

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures and English Studies, University of Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Languages 2019, 4(3), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages4030055
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 5 July 2019 / Accepted: 6 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Formal and Methodological Approaches to Applied Linguistics)
Research in Crosslinguistic Influence (CLI) has traditionally addressed two broad types of lexical CLI—transfer of form and transfer of meaning (Ringbom 1987)—which were reconceptualized by Jarvis (2009) as lexemic and lemmatic transfer, respectively. Whereas the former considers the phonological and graphemic structure of words, the latter is related to semantic and syntactic properties. These types of lexical CLI have been analysed in relation to L2 proficiency, but not in relation to factors such as Study Abroad (SA), which the present study aims to investigate. The oral production by 107 Catalan/Spanish learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) was analysed in terms of lexical CLI and the amount of input received during their SA. Results show an inverse relationship between the amount of input in SA and lexical CLI; that is, the higher the number of hours abroad, the fewer cases of lexical CLI. Statistical differences were found for lemmatic CLI and for one type of lexemic CLI. In light of these findings, it is suggested that learners that take part in SA programmes do not rely on L1-based resources when gaps in their knowledge arise. View Full-Text
Keywords: English as a Foreign Language; lexemic transfer; lemmatic transfer; Lexical Crosslinguistic Influence; Study Abroad English as a Foreign Language; lexemic transfer; lemmatic transfer; Lexical Crosslinguistic Influence; Study Abroad
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Ortega, M.; Celaya, M.L. Lexical Crosslinguistic Influence and Study Abroad: Do Learners Use L1-Based Resources Less? Languages 2019, 4, 55.

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