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On the Latin Origins of Spanish mediante

Departament de Filologia Clàssica, Romànica i Semítica, Universitat de Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
Languages 2019, 4(1), 15;
Received: 4 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
PDF [393 KB, uploaded 28 February 2019]


This paper aims to contribute to the clarification of the linguistic and extra-linguistic circumstances that accompany the emergence and behavior of mediante in the first centuries of Spanish. To this end, the origin of the Latin participle medians, mediantis is examined and the evidence of its ablative form mediante in various contexts is also analysed and discussed. We conclude from our study that (1) the appearance of mediante in Latin takes place at a relatively late stage of Latin, it having entered the language as a grammatical calque from Greek; (2) in Latin, prepositional values of mediante, which do not necessarily originate from Latin absolute ablative clauses, are already detected; and finally, (3) discursive traditions and historical-cultural factors, in particular those developed in Patristic and Scholastic Literature, are fundamental for the understanding, not only of the evolution of mediante in Latin, but also of its introduccion into Spanish. View Full-Text
Keywords: Latin mediante; grammatical calque; participle clause; prepositional value; discursive tradition Latin mediante; grammatical calque; participle clause; prepositional value; discursive tradition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Artigas, E. On the Latin Origins of Spanish mediante. Languages 2019, 4, 15.

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