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Open AccessArticle

Prediction of Aircraft Waiting Time at Airport During Immediate Response to Disaster

by Sunkyung Choi 1,*,† and Shinya Hanaoka 2,†
1
Japan Transport and Tourism Research Institute, Tokyo 105-0001, Japan
2
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Aerospace 2019, 6(4), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace6040040
Received: 14 August 2018 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 28 March 2019 / Published: 3 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aviation Logistics and Supply Chain Management)
Air transportation is especially critical to the immediate response that must be provided after a natural disaster strikes a region. Airport operations are hindered by fluctuating waiting times across different operation types because of bottlenecks caused by unexpected amounts of aid goods, aircraft, and emergency workers. To address this problem, this study proposes a model for estimating the waiting time of an aircraft at an airport during the immediate response phase after a disaster. The proposed framework was developed by applying an open Jackson network with first-come first-served, priority, and mixed-queuing disciplines. These disciplines are compared through a numerical example based on data acquired from the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. The results indicate that the mixed-queuing discipline reduces the waiting time for higher-priority operators, with permissible waiting times for lower-priority operators. The results of this study reveal that various disaster response operations should be prioritized ahead of a natural disaster occurring, such that the waiting times for those operators involved in life-saving activities can be reduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: waiting time; open Jackson network; airport operation; disaster response; queuing discipline waiting time; open Jackson network; airport operation; disaster response; queuing discipline
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Choi, S.; Hanaoka, S. Prediction of Aircraft Waiting Time at Airport During Immediate Response to Disaster. Aerospace 2019, 6, 40.

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