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Aerospace 2018, 5(4), 127; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace5040127

Synthesis, Analysis, and Design of a Novel Mechanism for the Trailing Edge of a Morphing Wing

Department of Aerospace Engineering, METU, Ankara 06800, Turkey
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Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 December 2018 / Published: 11 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 8th EASN-CEAS Workshop on Manufacturing for Growth and Innovation)
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Abstract

In the design and analysis of morphing wings, several sciences need to be integrated. This article tries to answer the question, “What is the most appropriate actuation mechanism to morph the wing profile?” by introducing the synthesis, analysis, and design of a novel scissor-structural mechanism (SSM) for the trailing edge of a morphing wing. The SSM, which is deployable, is created via a combination of various scissor-like elements (SLEs). In order to provide mobility requirements, a four-bar linkage (FBL) is assembled with the proposed SSM. The SSM is designed with a novel kinematic synthesis concept, so it follows the airfoil camber with minimum design error. In this concept, assuming a fully-compliant wing skin, various types of SLEs are assembled together, and emergent SSM provide the desired airfoil geometries. In order to provide the required aerodynamic efficiency of newly-created airfoil geometries and obtain pressure distribution over the airfoil, two-dimensional (2D) aerodynamic analyses have been conducted. The analyses show similar aerodynamic behavior with the desired NACA airfoils. By assigning the approximate link masses and mass centers, the dynamic force analysis of the mechanism has also been performed, and the required torque to drive the newly-developed SSM is estimated as feasible. View Full-Text
Keywords: morphing wings; kinematic synthesis; kinematic analysis; scissor-structural mechanisms; scissor-like elements; aerodynamic analysis; dynamic force analysis morphing wings; kinematic synthesis; kinematic analysis; scissor-structural mechanisms; scissor-like elements; aerodynamic analysis; dynamic force analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Şahin, H.L.; Yaman, Y. Synthesis, Analysis, and Design of a Novel Mechanism for the Trailing Edge of a Morphing Wing. Aerospace 2018, 5, 127.

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