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Aerospace 2018, 5(4), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace5040109

Weather Impact on Airport Performance

1
Institute of Flight Guidance, German Aerospace Center (DLR), 38108 Braunschweig, Germany
2
School of Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster, London NW1 5LS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 15 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Air Transportation—Operations and Management)
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Abstract

Weather events have a significant impact on airport performance and cause delayed operations if the airport capacity is constrained. We provide quantification of the individual airport performance with regards to an aggregated weather-performance metric. Specific weather phenomena are categorized by the air traffic management airport performance weather algorithm, which aims to quantify weather conditions at airports based on aviation routine meteorological reports. Our results are computed from a data set of 20.5 million European flights of 2013 and local weather data. A methodology is presented to evaluate the impact of weather events on the airport performance and to select the appropriate threshold for significant weather conditions. To provide an efficient method to capture the impact of weather, we modelled departing and arrival delays with probability distributions, which depend on airport size and meteorological impacts. These derived airport performance scores could be used in comprehensive air traffic network simulations to evaluate the network impact caused by weather induced local performance deterioration. View Full-Text
Keywords: airport performance; weather impact; evaluation metric; METAR data; ATMAP algorithm airport performance; weather impact; evaluation metric; METAR data; ATMAP algorithm
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Schultz, M.; Lorenz, S.; Schmitz, R.; Delgado, L. Weather Impact on Airport Performance. Aerospace 2018, 5, 109.

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