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Air Traffic Security: Aircraft Classification Using ADS-B Message’s Phase-Pattern

Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Rheinmetall Italia, Via Affile 102, 00131 Rome, Italy.
Academic Editor: Konstantinos Kontis
Aerospace 2017, 4(4), 51;
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 30 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Aerospace)
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) is a surveillance system used in Air Traffic Control. With this system, the aircraft transmits their own information (identity, position, velocity, etc.) to any equipped listener for surveillance scope. The ADS-B is based on a very simple protocol and does not provide any kind of authentication and encryption, making it vulnerable to many types of cyber-attacks. In the paper, the use of the airplane/transmitter carrier phase is proposed as a feature to perform a classification of the aircraft and, therefore, distinguish legitimate messages from fake ones. The feature extraction process is described and a classification method is selected. Finally, a complete intruder detection algorithm is proposed and evaluated with real data. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADS-B; security; classification; air traffic control; fingerprinting ADS-B; security; classification; air traffic control; fingerprinting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leonardi, M.; Di Gregorio, L.; Di Fausto, D. Air Traffic Security: Aircraft Classification Using ADS-B Message’s Phase-Pattern. Aerospace 2017, 4, 51.

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