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The Quality of Air in Polish Health Resorts with an Emphasis on Health on the Effects of Benzo(a)pyrene in 2015–2019

1
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW-WULS, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Safety Engineering and Civil Protection, The Main School of Fire Service, 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Safety Engineering, The Main School of Fire Service, 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Forrest M. Hoffman
Climate 2021, 9(5), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9050074
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 5 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Climate and Environment)
The aim of this paper was to analyze the impact of air pollution and meteorological conditions on the effectiveness of recreation in selected health resorts in Poland in 2015–2019. Four municipalities with the status of health resorts were compared in terms of exposure to harmful air pollutants such as PM10, NO2, SO2, and B(a)P in PM10. In this paper, a comprehensive statistical analysis was performed by determining the basic statistics of the measurement series. In addition, analyses of the occurrence of episodes of elevated PM10 concentrations in health resorts in Poland, as well as correlation and regression analyses, were performed. Statistical analysis showed no annual mean exceedances for the air pollutants analyzed. Average annual concentrations of harmful pollutants decreased year by year in Rabka Zdrój and also in Ciechocinek. The situation was different in Sopot and Ustroń, where the average annual pollution remained at a similar level and there was no downward trend. Studies have shown that travel to spa communities for health purposes can be problematic because air quality, while not exceeding average annual standards, is not satisfactory. To effectively address public health concerns, it is also necessary to consider meteorological conditions when analyzing air quality. A detailed analysis of the impact of meteorological conditions (average air temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and visibility) on air quality, based on forecasts, will also help in the implementation of air protection plans and strengthen the control of harmful pollutant levels. Measures to reduce the levels of harmful pollutants will affect the effectiveness of patient treatment in spas. The article presents the correct way to conduct reliable monitoring of air quality and meteorological conditions, where it is particularly important. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality; air pollution; benzo(a)pyrene; health resorts air quality; air pollution; benzo(a)pyrene; health resorts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anioł, E.; Suder, J.; Bihałowicz, J.S.; Majewski, G. The Quality of Air in Polish Health Resorts with an Emphasis on Health on the Effects of Benzo(a)pyrene in 2015–2019. Climate 2021, 9, 74. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9050074

AMA Style

Anioł E, Suder J, Bihałowicz JS, Majewski G. The Quality of Air in Polish Health Resorts with an Emphasis on Health on the Effects of Benzo(a)pyrene in 2015–2019. Climate. 2021; 9(5):74. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9050074

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anioł, Ewa; Suder, Jacek; Bihałowicz, Jan S.; Majewski, Grzegorz. 2021. "The Quality of Air in Polish Health Resorts with an Emphasis on Health on the Effects of Benzo(a)pyrene in 2015–2019" Climate 9, no. 5: 74. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli9050074

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