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An Ecolabel for the World Heritage Brand? Developing a Climate Communication Recognition Scheme for Heritage Sites
Open AccessArticle

Monitoring Climate Change in World Heritage Properties: Evaluating Landscape-Based Approach in the State of Conservation System

1
Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), 0155 Oslo, Norway
2
Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
3
Department of World Heritage Studies, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8577, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2020, 8(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli8030039
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 18 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 6 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue World Heritage and Climate Change: Impacts and Adaptation)
Climate change is increasingly being recognized as a threat to natural and cultural World Heritage (WH) sites worldwide. Through its interaction with other stressors, climate change accelerates existing risks while also creating new obstacles. A more considerable focus is needed in both research and practice to explore proactive measures for combatting this issue (e.g., mitigation and actions prior to impacts occurring). World Heritage values in climate change decision-making processes is an important factor in this regard. This paper explores a discussion of climate change within the WH monitoring system. It offers an overview of practice based on the extent to which WH properties (natural, mixed and cultural) implement landscape-based approaches alongside the conservation and management of their outstanding universal value within the context of climate uncertainty and environmental change. Landscape approaches are gaining importance in the WH conservation system, where they aim to provide concepts and tools for managing heritage toward sustainable practices. This research analyses the state of conservation reports and provides an overview of practice across time, categories and geographical regions. Based on a theoretical approach, empirical analyses identify four landscape principles that are increasingly shaping the debate around climate change issues in WH properties. Although these are highly relevant to advancing much-needed collaboration among scientific disciplines and governance sectors, we argue that further understanding is required on the transformational process of heritage values, as well as on the nature–culture relationship, in order to underpin heritage as a source for local resilience and climate mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; world heritage: landscape approach; nature culture divide; integrative heritage management; monitoring; state of conservation reports climate change; world heritage: landscape approach; nature culture divide; integrative heritage management; monitoring; state of conservation reports
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Guzman, P.; Fatorić, S.; Ishizawa, M. Monitoring Climate Change in World Heritage Properties: Evaluating Landscape-Based Approach in the State of Conservation System. Climate 2020, 8, 39.

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